Please wait a minute...
 
材料工程  2014, Vol. 0 Issue (12): 44-49    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2014.12.008
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
RDP与APP/MC/PPO复配膨胀阻燃聚乙烯的研究
臧充光, 陈华华, 胡洋成
北京理工大学 爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室, 北京 100081
RDP and APP/MC/PPO Compound Intumescent Flame Retardant of Polyethylene
ZANG Chong-guang, CHEN Hua-hua, HU Yang-cheng
State Key Laboratory of Explosive Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
全文: PDF(3508 KB)   HTML()
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 采用聚磷酸铵(APP)、三聚氰胺氰脲酸盐(MC)和聚苯醚(PPO) 复配制备膨胀阻燃剂(IFR),与阻燃协效剂间苯二酚双(二苯基磷酸酯)(RDP)进行聚乙烯(PE)阻燃.借助氧指数、垂直燃烧测试,探讨IFR与阻燃协效剂RDP间的协效性,研究RDP不同添加量对IFR阻燃复合材料燃烧性能的影响,并对其力学性能进行测试.利用TG,DTG热分析技术对协效性进行验证.结果表明:RDP与 IFR具有阻燃协效作用,RDP的协效性主要在热分解的第一阶段发挥作用,可催化APP提前分解,RDP的加入降低了热分解过程的热释放量,促进了多孔泡沫炭层的形成,并显著提高材料的残炭量;当RDP的添加量为5%(质量分数)时,氧指数(LOI)达到最大值31,并通过UL94 V-0级.可见RDP与 APP/MC/PPO阻燃剂复配可大幅提高PE的抗燃烧性能.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
臧充光
陈华华
胡洋成
关键词 聚乙烯膨胀型阻燃剂阻燃协效剂热分析协效性    
Abstract:Poly ammonium polyphosphate (APP), melamine cyanurate (MC) and polyphenylene oxide (PPO) were combined to prepare intumescent flame retardant (IFR) for polyethylene (PE) by adding the synergistic agent resorcinol bis-(diphenyl phosphate) (RDP). The limiting oxygen index (LOI) and vertical burning test were used to study the synergistic effects between IFR and RDP,the effect of add amount of RDP to the combustion performance, and mechanical property of the composite flame retardant IFR. The thermal analysis methods of TG and DTG were used to test and verify the synergistic effect. The results show that there are synergistic effect between RDP and IFR, and the effective synergistic effect of RDP mainly in the first stage of thermal decomposition. The RDP catalyzes the decomposition of APP earlier and decreases the heat release, promotes the formation of carbon layer, and improves the carbon residue significantly during the process of thermal decomposition. When the amount of RDP is 5%(mass fraction), the LOI reaches the maximum value of 31, and passes the criterion UL94 V-0. Obviously,the combination of RDP and APP/MC/PPO can significantly improve the inflaming retarding properties of PE.
Key wordspolyethylene    intumescent flame retardant    flame retardant synergist    thermal analysis    synergistic effect
收稿日期: 2013-10-17      出版日期: 2014-12-20
1:  TB332  
通讯作者: 臧充光(1965-),女,讲师,从事功能复合高分子材料的研究工作,联系地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街5号北京理工大学爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室(100081)     E-mail: zangchongguang@bit.edu.cn
引用本文:   
臧充光, 陈华华, 胡洋成. RDP与APP/MC/PPO复配膨胀阻燃聚乙烯的研究[J]. 材料工程, 2014, 0(12): 44-49.
ZANG Chong-guang, CHEN Hua-hua, HU Yang-cheng. RDP and APP/MC/PPO Compound Intumescent Flame Retardant of Polyethylene. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2014, 0(12): 44-49.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2014.12.008      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V0/I12/44
[1] 邵宗龙,梁军,时虎.阻燃聚乙烯热解燃烧特性的研究[J]. 火灾科学,1998,7(1):39-43. SHAO Zong-long, LIANG Jun, SHI Hu. Studies on heat decomposition and combustion of polyethylene modified by flame retardant[J]. Fire Safety Science,1998,7(1):39-43.
[2] 王苏娜,刘广建.聚乙烯阻燃改性研究进展[J]. 塑料,2002,31(4):64-68. WANG Su-na, LIU Guang-jian. Progress in the flame retardation modification of PE[J]. Plastics,2002,31(4):64-68.
[3] 王建祺.无卤阻燃聚合物基础与应用[M].北京:科学出版社,2005.WANG Jian-qi. Base and Application Halogen-free Flame Retardant Polymer[M]. Beijing:Science Press,2005.
[4] 孙卫青,邱宗玺,张军,等.聚乙烯塑料无卤阻燃技术进展[J].郑州大学学报:理学版,2002,34(4):60-64.SUN Wei-qing, QIU Zong-xi, ZHANG Jun, et al. Progress in non-halogen flame retardant of polyethylene plastics[J]. Journal of Zhengzhou University:Natural Science Edition,2002,34(4):60-64.
[5] LIU Yu-gui, REN Yuan-lin. Flame retardant synergistic effect of the fire retarded synergistic agent and the intumescent fire retardant in wood flour/polypropylene composites[J]. Journal of Composite Materials,2012,29(2):147-158.
[6] 闫爱华,周志强,吴泽. 可膨胀石墨/聚磷酸铵协同阻燃聚乙烯的研究[J]. 化学工程师,2006,126(3):48-50.YAN Ai-hua, ZHOU Zhi-qiang, WU Ze. Study on synergistic flame-retarding performance of polythene modified with expandable graphite and ammonium polyphosphate[J]. Chemical Engineer,2006,126(3):48-50.
[7] 徐晓楠,张健.二氧化硅对膨胀型阻燃聚乙烯的性能影响研究[J].火灾科学,2004,13(3):168-172.XU Xiao-nan, ZHANG Jian. Experimental study of the effect of SiO2 on performance of intumencent fire retardant PE[J]. Fire Safety Science,2004,13(3):168-172.
[8] 高瑜,姜志国,周亨近,等.增效膨胀阻燃聚乙烯的制备与性能研究[J].阻燃材料与技术,2000,(6):7-11.GAO Yu, JIANG Zhi-guo, ZHOU Heng-jin, et al. The research of preparation of increased expansion flame retardant polyethylene and performance[J]. Journal of Flame Retardant Material and Technology,2000,(6):7-11.
[9] SIMONE P S R,LUCIANA R de M E,CSABA N, et al.Clays basal spacings effect on fire retardancy of polymers by TG/DTA[J]. Therm Anal Calorim,2011,106(7):535-539.
[10] SUPPAKARN N, JARUKUMJORN K. Mechanical properties and flammability of sisal/PP composites:effect of flame retardant type and content[J]. Composities: Part B,2009,40(7):613-618.
[11] TANG Y,HU Y,LI B G, et al. Polypropylene/montmorillonite nanocomposites and intumescent, flame-retardant montmorillonite synergism in polypropylene nanocomposites[J]. Journal of Polymer Science Part A:Polymer Chemistry,2004,42(23):6163-6173.
[12] 刘玉桂,任元林.阻燃协效剂与膨胀型阻燃剂在木粉/聚丙烯复合材料中的阻燃协效性[J].复合材料学报,2012,29(2):57-61. LIU Yu-gui, REN Yuan-lin. Flame retardant synergistic effect of the fiber retarded synergistic agent and the intumescent fire retardant in wood flour/polypropylene composites[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica,2012,29(2): 57-61.
[13] 张军,纪奎江.聚合物燃烧与阻燃技术[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2006. ZHANG Jun, JI Kui-jiang. Combustion and Flame Retardant Technology of Polymer Materials[M]. Beijing:Chemical Industry Press,2006.
[14] 陶立明,杨海霞,范琳,等.芳杂环聚苯并噁唑材料的合成研究进展[J].高分子通报,2010,(11):10-24. TAO Li-ming, YANG Hai-xia, FAN Lin, et al. Progress in synthesis of aromatic heterocyclic polybenzoxazoles[J].Polymer Bulletin,2010,(11):10-24.
[1] 代士维, 张乐天, 李俊, 乔新峰, 马跃. 蒙脱土/碳纳米管组成对聚乙烯复合材料性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2015, 43(10): 7-13.
[2] 孙冠华, 仇实, 郑经堂. 水热法制备聚苯乙烯/CdS核壳结构纳米复合颗粒[J]. 材料工程, 2014, 0(4): 89-94.
[3] 丰荣娟, 李敏, 刘家祥. 化学还原法制备小粒径金纳米粒子[J]. 材料工程, 2013, 0(5): 28-32.
[4] 孙莉莉, 钟艳莉. 碳纳米纤维/高密度聚乙烯复合材料结晶行为和介电性能的研究[J]. 材料工程, 2013, 0(4): 17-22.
[5] 舒静, 冯晓荟, 郑丽娜, 桑希勤, 王丹丹. 壳聚糖基三元智能水凝胶的制备及其敏感性[J]. 材料工程, 2013, 0(3): 67-70,76.
[6] 刘志明, 吴鹏, 谢成, 王海英, 孟围. 聚乙烯醇/纳米纤维素/聚乙烯醇的层层自组装及表征[J]. 材料工程, 2013, 0(1): 45-51.
[7] 魏化震, 张清辉, 李锦文. 玄武岩纤维增强酚醛树脂复合材料高温热分析研究[J]. 材料工程, 2013, 0(1): 64-67,84.
[8] 任德财, 林鹏, 钱镭, 贺培凤, 杜宇虹, 薛蕊. 复配增塑剂对聚乙烯醇薄膜性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2012, 0(6): 86-90.
[9] 吕小博, 魏云鹤, 于萍, 慕春玲, 张长桥. 稠油降黏聚合物功能材料的合成与降黏性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2012, 0(11): 52-56.
[10] 陶岩, 王辉, 邸明伟. 水环境下等离子体处理聚乙烯木塑复合材料表面性质的演变[J]. 材料工程, 2012, 0(10): 94-98.
[11] 张艳梅, 孟平蕊, 王晓慧, 于浩强, 李良波. PVA基聚离子复合物膜的结构与性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2011, 0(6): 63-66.
[12] 钟磊, 梁基照. 聚乙烯熔融纺丝测量的拉伸主曲线分析[J]. 材料工程, 2011, 0(5): 38-40,52.
[13] 卢琳, 石宇野, 高瑾, 李晓刚. 聚乙烯塑料在西沙自然环境中光老化行为研究[J]. 材料工程, 2011, 0(3): 45-49,54.
[14] 游瑞云, 肖荔人, 刘欣萍, 林葱里, 黄宝铨, 许兢, 陈宇, 陈庆华. PE/CaO复合材料的流变行为[J]. 材料工程, 2010, 0(6): 7-11.
[15] 果晶晶, 郝华强, 杨晓江, 刘增勋, 王书桓. FTSC薄板坯连铸结晶器内的热/力行为研究[J]. 材料工程, 2010, 0(3): 70-73.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015《材料工程》编辑部
地址:北京81信箱44分箱 邮政编码: 100095
电话:010-62496276 E-mail:matereng@biam.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn