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材料工程  2017, Vol. 45 Issue (4): 34-40    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.001223
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
Si对明弧堆焊合金M7C3相及耐磨性的影响
田兵, 龚建勋, 刘江晴, 吴慧剑
湘潭大学 机械工程学院, 湖南 湘潭 411105
Effect of Silicon on M7C3 Phases and Abrasion Resistance of Open Arc Hardfacing Alloys
TIAN Bing, GONG Jian-xun, LIU Jiang-qing, WU Hui-jian
School of Mechanical Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan, China
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摘要 采用药芯焊丝自保护明弧焊方法制备Fe-17Cr-4C-2V-Mn-Si-Ti多元合金系堆焊合金。借助金相显微镜、X射线衍射仪及扫描电镜等手段,研究硅对其M7C3M=Fe, Cr, V, Mn)相及耐磨性的影响。结果表明:当硅含量从0.6%(质量分数,下同)增加到2.4%时,初生M7C3相由板条状转变为块状弥散分布;其相邻间隔的γ-Fe数量逐渐减少直至消失。硅改变了初生M7C3形核前驱体-液态合金化高碳原子团簇的属性而引起其形态、分布和尺寸改变。磨损结果表明,当硅含量从0.6%增加至2.4%时,合金耐磨性先提高后下降,至1.5%时耐磨性最佳,微切削和微观断裂两种磨损机理并存。
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田兵
龚建勋
刘江晴
吴慧剑
关键词 明弧堆焊多元显微组织耐磨性    
Abstract:Fe-17Cr-4C-2V-Mn-Si-Ti complex system hardfacing alloys were deposited by using flux-cored wire self-shielded open arc welding. The effects of silicon on their M7C3 ( M =Fe, Cr, V, Mn) phases and abrasion resistance were investigated by OM, XRD and SEM. The results show that, with silicon content increasing from 0.6%(mass fraction) to 2.4%, the size of primary M7C3carbides gradually reduces and transites from rod-like shape to block-like shape in dispersion distributing state. γ-Fe phases, which adjacent to those primary M7C3 grains, progressively reduce until disappear. It dues to that silicon can change the precursor of primary M7C3 nucleates in nature, e.g. liquid high carbon atom clusters and it results in the change of their morphology, distribution and size. The wear test results indicate that the abrasion resistance of open arc hardfacing alloys improves firstly and then reduces when silicon content increases from 0.6% to 2.4%. The optimum abrasion resistance is acquired at 1.5%Si. The analysis on the surface worn morphologies show that the micro-cutting and micro-spalling wearing mechanisms coexist.
Key wordsopen arc    hardfacing    complex    microstructure    abrasion resistance
收稿日期: 2015-10-12      出版日期: 2017-04-17
中图分类号:  TB333  
通讯作者: 龚建勋(1973-),男,副教授,博士,从事材料表面工程和功能薄膜方向的研究工作,联系地址:湖南省湘潭市雨湖区湘潭大学机械工程学院(411105),E-mail:gong309@tom.com     E-mail: gong309@tom.com
引用本文:   
田兵, 龚建勋, 刘江晴, 吴慧剑. Si对明弧堆焊合金M7C3相及耐磨性的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(4): 34-40.
TIAN Bing, GONG Jian-xun, LIU Jiang-qing, WU Hui-jian. Effect of Silicon on M7C3 Phases and Abrasion Resistance of Open Arc Hardfacing Alloys. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2017, 45(4): 34-40.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.001223      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V45/I4/34
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