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材料工程  2015, Vol. 43 Issue (8): 104-112    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.08.016
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聚合物/层状硅酸盐纳米复合材料阻燃性研究进展
陈阁谷, 关莹, 亓宪明, 彭锋, 姚春丽, 孙润仓
北京林业大学 林木生物质化学北京市重点实验室, 北京 100083
Recent Progress on Flame Retardance of Polymer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites
CHEN Ge-gu, GUAN Ying, QI Xian-ming, PENG Feng, YAO Chun-li, SUN Run-cang
Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
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摘要 根据层状硅酸盐(黏土)可增强聚合物纳米复合材料阻燃性能的研究进展,本文综述了聚合物/层状硅酸盐纳米复合材料的制备方法,指出熔融插层是一种高效可行、环境友好的制备方法;从硅酸盐在纳米复合材料中产生的阻碍效应、自由基诱导效应,网状结构三个方面详细讨论了层状硅酸盐在纳米复合材料中的阻燃机理;最后,指出目前聚合物/层状硅酸盐纳米复合材料在阻燃研究中尚存在的问题,并对其开发应用前景进行了展望。
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陈阁谷
关莹
亓宪明
彭锋
姚春丽
孙润仓
关键词 层状硅酸盐纳米复合材料阻燃蒙脱土    
Abstract:The preparation methods of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites were summarized, based on the research progress on the flame retardance of layer silicate(clay) reinforced polymer nanocomposites. It is pointed out that melt intercalation is a highly effective and environmental friendly production method. The flame retardance mechanism of layered silicates in nanocomposites was discussed in details from three aspects, including barrier effect, network structure and radical trapping, which produced by silicates in nanocomposites. At last, it is pointed out that there are still problems existing in the current flame retardance research of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites, and the future development of flame retarded polymer nanocomposites is prospected.
Key wordslayered silicate    nanocomposite    flame retardance    montmorillonite
收稿日期: 2014-09-28      出版日期: 2015-08-17
中图分类号:  TB332  
通讯作者: 彭锋(1979-),男,博士,副教授,主要从事生物质材料的研究,联系地址:北京市海淀区清华东路35号北京林业大学材料学院25号信箱(100083),E-mail:fengpeng@bjfu.edu.cn     E-mail: fengpeng@bjfu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
陈阁谷, 关莹, 亓宪明, 彭锋, 姚春丽, 孙润仓. 聚合物/层状硅酸盐纳米复合材料阻燃性研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2015, 43(8): 104-112.
CHEN Ge-gu, GUAN Ying, QI Xian-ming, PENG Feng, YAO Chun-li, SUN Run-cang. Recent Progress on Flame Retardance of Polymer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2015, 43(8): 104-112.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.08.016      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V43/I8/104
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