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材料工程  2018, Vol. 46 Issue (8): 57-63    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.000502
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
原位合成壳聚糖复合炭材料及其在铅碳电池中的应用
云亮1,2,3, 刘峥1,2, 李海莹1,2, 王浩1,2, 钟寒阳1,2
1. 桂林理工大学 广西电磁化学功能物质重点实验室, 广西 桂林 541004;
2. 桂林理工大学 化学与生物工程学院, 广西 桂林 541004;
3. 中国科学院 宁波材料技术与工程研究所 浙江省石墨烯应用研究重点实验室, 浙江 宁波 315201
In-situ Synthesis of Generated Composite Chitosan Carbon and Its Application in Lead-carbon Battery
YUN Liang1,2,3, LIU Zheng1,2, LI Hai-ying1,2, WANG Hao1,2, ZHONG Han-yang1,2
1. Guangxi Key Laboratory of Electrochemical and Magneto-chemical Functional Materials, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China;
2. College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China;
3. Key Laboratory of Graphene Technologies and Applications of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology & Engineering(NIMTE), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, Zhejiang, China
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摘要 以壳聚糖、氧化铅为原料,利用原位合成方法,制备复合炭材料。通过X射线粉末衍射仪、扫描电镜和电子能谱仪、比表面仪、拉曼光谱仪等方法对复合炭材料进行表征,结果表明:壳聚糖为碳源的复合炭材料具有非晶态结构,孔径分布集中在5~10nm,比表面积高达487.4m2/g,适合作为Pb-C电池负极材料使用;将原位合成壳聚糖复合炭材料或者炭黑材料与析氢抑制剂、黏结剂、膨胀剂等电池添加剂混合成涂膏,分别组装成Pb-C 模拟电池,利用电化学测量技术和电池性能测试系统评价Pb-C电池电化学性能,结果表明:以原位合成壳聚糖复合炭材料作为负极材料制成的Pb-C电池负极板,比以炭黑为碳源制备的负极材料具有更好的电化学性能,电阻较小,其循环伏安测试的比电容为162.9F/g,首次放电平台更长,最终容量达到108.72mAh/g,壳聚糖为碳源时比容量为理论比容量的98%,且10000次循环几乎没有衰减。
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云亮
刘峥
李海莹
王浩
钟寒阳
关键词 铅碳电池负极材料原位合成法复合炭材料    
Abstract:Chitosan, extenders anointed and in-situ synthesis method were used to synthesize anode-composite lead-carbon batteries.SEM, EDS, BET and RM were used to characterize and analyze the morphology of carbon materials.The results show that chitosan-carbon has non-crystal structures.Its pore size distribution is between 5-10nm.Specific surface area reaches to 487.4m2/g.The negative composite material electrode is mixed with a conductive agent to produce pastel.Pb-C analog battery was assembled.Electrochemical workstation is used to test chronoamperometry curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy so as to evaluate the possibility of in-situ synthesis anode composite material and its potential value of practical application.Electrochemical testing results show that the Pb-C negative plate,which is made by anode composite carbon material as the carbon source of in-situ synthesis of chitosan, possessing better electrochemical performance and smaller resistance.Its specific capacitance of cyclic voltammogram test is 162.9F/g with longer first discharge platform,the ultimate capacity reaches to 108.722mAh·g-1 when chitosan as carbon source, the specific capicity is 98% of the theoretical capacity. After 1000times of cycle there is almost no decay in capacity.
Key wordslead-carbon battery    negative material    in-situ synthesis    composite carbon material
收稿日期: 2016-04-28      出版日期: 2018-08-17
中图分类号:  O646.54  
通讯作者: 刘峥(1962-),女,教授,博士,主要研究方向:应用有机合成,联系地址:广西桂林市雁山区雁山街道桂林理工大学(541004),E-mail:lisa4.6@163.com     E-mail: lisa4.6@163.com
引用本文:   
云亮, 刘峥, 李海莹, 王浩, 钟寒阳. 原位合成壳聚糖复合炭材料及其在铅碳电池中的应用[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(8): 57-63.
YUN Liang, LIU Zheng, LI Hai-ying, WANG Hao, ZHONG Han-yang. In-situ Synthesis of Generated Composite Chitosan Carbon and Its Application in Lead-carbon Battery. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2018, 46(8): 57-63.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.000502      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V46/I8/57
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