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材料工程  2018, Vol. 46 Issue (9): 1-13    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001137
  综述 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
结构-导电复合材料研究进展
王程成, 贺德龙, 崔溢
中国航发北京航空材料研究院, 北京 100095
Research Progress in Electrically Conductive Structural Composites
WANG Cheng-cheng, HE De-long, CUI Yi
AECC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, Beijing 100095, China
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摘要 大量先进纤维增强树脂基复合材料结构在航空航天等领域的广泛应用对复合材料的性能特别是导电性能提出更高的要求。如何高效低成本地研制高性能的结构-导电复合材料,以及提升飞行器的抗雷击和电磁干扰性能,是目前复合材料领域的一个十分重要的研究课题。本文重点结合航空航天领域对复合材料的应用需求,从对基体树脂、增强体纤维和层合板结构三个方面进行导电改性,对国内外结构-导电复合材料领域的研究进展进行综述。特别地,对新型碳纳米材料、碳纳米管和石墨烯在复合材料结构导电性提升方面的研究和应用进行了分析。将基体树脂改性和结构改性结合有望实现复合材料力学性能与电导率的良好匹配。
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王程成
贺德龙
崔溢
关键词 树脂复合材料纤维层合板导电    
Abstract:Advanced carbon fibers reinforced polymer-based composites have been widely used in the fields of aeronautics and aerospace, due to their excellent mechanical properties. However, their poor conductivity may cause severe lightning damage and electromagnetic interference issues of composite structures, which significantly restricts large-scale applications and overall performance of the composites. In this paper, a critical review was made on the recent research progress of electrically conductive composites which may be potentially used in aeronautics structures. The different methods of conductive modification for matrix resin, reinforcing fiber and laminated plate were introduced respectively. In particular, the representative studies using new carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and graphene were discussed in details. The combination of matrix resin modification and laminated plate modification is expected to achieve a good match between mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of composites.
Key wordspolymer composites    fiber    laminate    electrical conductivity
收稿日期: 2017-09-07      出版日期: 2018-09-19
中图分类号:  V258  
通讯作者: 贺德龙(1983-),男,高级工程师,博士,研究方向为结构功能复合材料,联系地址:北京市81信箱9分箱王程成转(100095),E-mail:delonghe_biam@126.com     E-mail: delonghe_biam@126.com
引用本文:   
王程成, 贺德龙, 崔溢. 结构-导电复合材料研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(9): 1-13.
WANG Cheng-cheng, HE De-long, CUI Yi. Research Progress in Electrically Conductive Structural Composites. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2018, 46(9): 1-13.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001137      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V46/I9/1
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