Please wait a minute...
 
材料工程  2019, Vol. 47 Issue (1): 84-90    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001155
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
Nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP复合材料阻燃性能
徐建林1,2, 刘晓琦1,2, 杨文龙1,2, 牛磊1,2, 赵金强1,2
1. 兰州理工大学 省部共建有色金属先进加工与再利用国家重点实验室, 兰州 730050;
2. 兰州理工大学 白银新材料研究院, 甘肃 白银 730900
Flame retardant performance of nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP composites
XU Jian-lin1,2, LIU Xiao-qi1,2, YANG Wen-long1,2, NIU Lei1,2, ZHAO Jin-qiang1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Non-ferrous Metals, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China;
2. Baiyin Research Institute of Novel Materials, Lanzhou University of Technology, Baiyin 730900, Gansu, China
全文: PDF(3672 KB)   HTML()
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 球磨混入溴化环氧树脂(BEO)和改性nano-Sb2O3以提高聚丙烯(PP)的阻燃性能,采用垂直燃烧(UL94)和极限氧指数(LOI)研究nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP复合材料的阻燃性能,用扫描电镜(SEM)分析燃烧产物微观形貌,借助傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)和热重分析(TGA)研究Sb-Br阻燃体系协同作用机理。结果表明:改性nano-Sb2O3与BEO的反应可延长Br·在燃烧区的时间,从而消耗更多OH·和H·达到阻燃的目的。当改性nano-Sb2O3含量为7%(质量分数,下同),BEO含量为21%时,nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP复合材料具有优异的阻燃性能,其极限氧指数值为28.6%,垂直燃烧等级UL94为V-0级。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
徐建林
刘晓琦
杨文龙
牛磊
赵金强
关键词 聚丙烯nano-Sb2O3溴化环氧树脂阻燃性能    
Abstract:To improve flame retardant properties of polypropylene,the brominated epoxy resin (BEO) and nano-Sb2O3 were added into polypropylene by using a high energy ball milling technique. Flame retardant properties of polypropylene composites were evaluated by UL94 vertical combustion tests and limit oxygen index (LOI). The surface morphology of combustion products of composites was characterized by scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and the flame-retardant mechanism of flame retardant additives acting on the polymer matrix was studied by using thermo gravimetric analysis(TGA) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The results show that the reaction between modified nano-Sb2O3 and BEO can prolong residence of the halogens in the combustion area, resulting in more hydroxyl and hydrogen radicals are replaced by the bromine radicals. When the content of modified nano-Sb2O3 is 7% (mass fraction, the same below) and that of BEO is 21%, the nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP composite has excellent flame retardant performance with 28.6% of LOI value and V-0 of UL94 grade of vertical combustion.
Key wordspolypropylene    nano-Sb2O3    brominated epoxy resin    flame retardant performance
收稿日期: 2017-09-14      出版日期: 2019-01-16
中图分类号:  TB332  
通讯作者: 徐建林(1970-),男,教授/博导,工学博士,从事材料制备、微结构与性能等方面的研究,联系地址:甘肃省兰州市七里河区兰工坪路287号兰州理工大学材料科学与工程学院(730050),E-mail:ggdjlxu@sina.com     E-mail: ggdjlxu@sina.com
引用本文:   
徐建林, 刘晓琦, 杨文龙, 牛磊, 赵金强. Nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP复合材料阻燃性能[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(1): 84-90.
XU Jian-lin, LIU Xiao-qi, YANG Wen-long, NIU Lei, ZHAO Jin-qiang. Flame retardant performance of nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP composites. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(1): 84-90.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001155      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V47/I1/84
[1] 陈阁谷, 关莹, 亓宪明, 等.聚合物/层状硅酸盐纳米复合材料阻燃性研究进展[J]. 材料工程,2015, 43(8):104-112. CHEN G G, GUAN Y, QI X M, et al.Recent progress on flame retardance of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2015, 43(8):104-112.
[2] LI N, XIA Y, MAO Z W, et al. Influence of antimony oxide on flammability of polypropylene/intumescent flame retardant system[J]. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2012, 97(9):1737-1744.
[3] MIRDAMADIAN Z, GHANBARI D. Synergistic effect between Sb2O3 nanoparticles-trichloromelamine and carbon nanotube on the flame retardancy and thermal stability of the cellulose acetate[J].Journal of Cluster Science, 2014, 25(4):925-936.
[4] 范望喜, 李文元, 任家强, 等.高分子阻燃材料的研究进展[J]. 天津化工, 2010, 24(5):17-19. FAN W X, LI W Y, REN J Q, et al. Research progress of acylhydrazone compounds[J]. Tianjin Chemical Industry, 2010, 24(5):17-19.
[5] LU H D, WILKIE C A. Synergistic effect of carbon nanotubes and decabromodiphenyl oxide/Sb2O3 in improving the flame retardancy of polystyrene[J].Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2010, 95(4):564-571.
[6] MELAMED L, EDEN E, LEIFER M, et al. Performances of blends between poly (pentabromobenzyl acrylate) and magnesium hydroxide as flame retardants for polypropylene block copolymers[J]. Fire Technology, 2015, 51(1):41-52.
[7] 奚溪,张群朝,赵辉, 等. 卤-锑阻燃体系对热塑性聚酯弹性体性能的影响[J].工程塑料应用,2013,41(5):82-89. XI X, ZHANG Q C, ZHAO H, et al. Effect of halogen-antimony flame retardant system on thermoplastic polyester elastomer[J]. Engineering Plastics Application, 2013,41(5):82-89.
[8] CHEN S J, WANG C L, LI J. Effect of alkyl groups in organic part of polyoxo-metalates based ionic liquids on properties of flame retardant polypropylene[J].Thermochimica Acta,2016, 631:51-58.
[9] DUAN L J, YANG H Y, SONG L.Hyperbranched phosphorus/nitrogen-containing polymer incombination with ammonium polyphosphate as a novel flameretardant system for polypropylene[J].Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2016, 134:179-185.
[10] SHI Y Q, GUI Z, XU B. Graphite-like carbon nitride and functionalized layered double hydroxide filled polypropylene-grafted maleic an hydride nanocomposites:comparison in flame retardancy, and thermal,mechanical and UV-shielding properties[J]. Composites Part B, 2015, 79:277-284.
[11] GALLO E, SCHARTEL B, ACIERNO D, et al. Flame retardant biocomposites:synergism between phosphinate and nanometric metal oxides[J]. European Polymer Journal,2011, 47(7):1390-1401.
[12] 徐建林,周生刚,牛磊,等.Sb2O3/聚氯乙烯复合材料的制备及阻燃性能[J]. 材料热处理学报,2015,36(11):1-6. XU J L, ZHOU S G, NIU L, et al. Preparation and flame retardancy of Sb2O3/polyvinyl chloride composites[J]. Transactions of Materials and Heat Treatment,2015,36(11):1-6.
[13] 张荣良. 纳米Sb2O3/环氧复合材料阻燃耐热及力学性能研究[J].热固性树脂,2011, 26(4):46-49. ZHANG R L. Research in flame-retardance, heat resistance and mechanical properties of nano-Sb2O3/epoxy composites[J]. Thermosetting Resin, 2011, 26(4):46-49.
[14] 张心亚, 沈慧芳, 黄洪, 等.纳米粒子材料的表面改性及其应用研究进展[J]. 材料工程,2005(10):58-63. ZHANG X Y, SHEN H F, HUANG H, et al. Novel progress of application and surface-modification technique for nano-particles materials[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2005(10):58-63.
[15] 唐星三,孟烨,刘杰. 溴化环氧树脂阻燃剂应用户综述与发展[J].塑料工业,2011, 39(增刊1):47-49. TANG X S, MENG Y, LIU J. Review on the application and prospect of bromated epoxy resin flame retardant[J]. China Plastics Industry, 2011, 39(Suppl 1):47-49.
[16] 刘刚, 张代军, 张晖. 纳米粒子改性环氧树脂及其复合材料力学性能研究[J]. 材料工程,2010(1):47-53. LIU G, ZHANG D J, ZHANG H. Mechanical properties of nanoparticles modified epoxy matrix and composites[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering,2010(1):47-53.
[17] 高田田. 高效聚丙烯阻燃剂的研究和开发[D]. 广州:华东理工大学, 2014. GAO T T. Research and development of efficient flame retardant polypropylene[D]. Guangzhou:East China University of Science and Technology, 2014.
[18] 甘小荣,薛方红,黄昊,等. SiC/C纳米复合材料的制备与性能表征[J]. 材料工程,2014(2):75-82. GAN X R, XUE F H, HUANG H, et al. Preparation and characterization of SiC/C nano-composites[J].Journal of Materials Engineering, 2014(2):75-82.
[19] GHOLAMIAN F, NABIYOUNI G, GHANBARI D. Synergistic effect between Sb2O3 nanostructure and brominated compound on the flame retardant properties of the polymeric matrixes[J].High Temperature Materials and Processes,2013,32(2):125-132.
[1] 鲁雄, 杨旭静, 段书用, 郑娟. 玻纤增强聚丙烯复合材料的应变率敏感特性[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(4): 146-151.
[2] 雷帅, 张校, 钟珊, 刘正博, 曹维宇, 徐樑华. 聚丙烯腈热稳定化纤维的裂解行为[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(5): 59-63.
[3] 何聪, 欧宝立, 李政峰. 氧化石墨烯对聚丙烯/尼龙6两组分聚合物的增容作用[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(3): 13-16.
[4] 何跃, 蒋团辉, 刘阳夫, 龚维, 何力. 橡胶粒子对微发泡聚丙烯复合材料发泡行为与力学性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(2): 80-87.
[5] 刘伯威, 李亚林, 刘咏, 杨阳, 唐兵, 匡湘铭. 聚丙烯腈纤维对汽车摩擦材料性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(10): 103-110.
[6] 徐建林, 周生刚, 牛磊, 杨文龙, 王程程, 文琛. 不同表面活性剂处理的Sb2O3对PVC复合材料阻燃性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(8): 64-69.
[7] 钱金鑫, 李明愉, 冯长根. 亚胺基二乙酸螯合纤维的合成与性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(7): 54-60.
[8] 黄海滨, 马敬环, 赵孔银, 郑海燕, 刘莹, 周晓峰. 聚丙烯酸/聚丙烯复合塑料的制备及其阻垢性能[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(2): 43-48.
[9] 弭光宝, 曹春晓, 黄旭, 曹京霞, 王宝, 隋楠. Ti-V-Cr系阻燃钛合金的非等温氧化行为及阻燃性能预测[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(1): 1-10.
[10] 卢林刚, 陈英辉, 程哲, 杨守生, 邵高耸. 新型无卤膨胀/MH阻燃环氧树脂的制备及阻燃性能[J]. 材料工程, 2015, 43(5): 50-55.
[11] 侯桂香, 谢建强, 姚少巍, 张翠云. PAN/插层高岭石复合材料制备及静电纺丝性能[J]. 材料工程, 2015, 43(10): 49-54.
[12] 李亮, 肖长发, 黄庆林, 胡晓宇. PTFE/PAN共混中空纤维膜的制备与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2013, 0(1): 12-15,20.
[13] 杨继年, 李子全. PP-g-MAH改性SGF/PP泡沫复合材料的结构与力学性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2012, 0(11): 57-60,65.
[14] 张艳梅, 孟平蕊, 王晓慧, 于浩强, 李良波. PVA基聚离子复合物膜的结构与性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2011, 0(6): 63-66.
[15] 姜兆辉, 付鹏, 金剑, 肖长发, 李鑫, 孔令熙. 基于TEM图像的炭黑在聚合物基体中分散性的定量表征[J]. 材料工程, 2011, 0(10): 72-77.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015《材料工程》编辑部
地址:北京81信箱44分箱 邮政编码: 100095
电话:010-62496276 E-mail:matereng@biam.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn