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材料工程  2018, Vol. 46 Issue (8): 27-35    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001295
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聚苯胺复合涂层在钢材上的防腐应用及发展趋势
卢勇1,2, 冯辉霞1, 孔佩佩1
1. 兰州理工大学 石油化工学院, 兰州 730050;
2. 中国石油兰州石化公司研究院, 兰州 730060
Application and Development Trend of Polyaniline Composite Coatings in Steel Anti-corrosion
LU Yong1,2, FENG Hui-xia1, KONG Pei-pei1
1. School of Petrochemical Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China;
2. Research Institute of Lanzhou Petrochemical Corporation of Petrochina, Lanzhou 730060, China
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摘要 针对炼油化工设备所处酸碱盐等化学物质腐蚀环境下导致的电化学腐蚀问题,本文提出采用导电聚合物的复合涂层方法来应对钢材防腐蚀。本文详细讨论了聚苯胺涂层的3种防腐机理,有钝化作用,屏蔽作用和缓释机理,分析总结了各类聚苯胺及其复合涂层在钢材等金属材料的防腐蚀应用,着重阐述了聚苯胺/无机复合涂层的应用,并展望了聚苯胺基涂层在防腐蚀方面的研究趋势。聚苯胺与其他材料的复合,尤其是二元及多元复合材料,以及复合后防腐机理的研究将会是以后研究和开发的趋势,而聚苯胺复合涂层制备和针对环境的防腐研究,可为其在炼厂复杂环境中的进一步应用研究提供参考。
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卢勇
冯辉霞
孔佩佩
关键词 钢材聚苯胺复合物防腐    
Abstract:The petrochemical equipment is subjected to electrochemical corrosion under the circumstance of which there are many chemical substances such as acid,alkali and salt. For the above electrochemical corrosion problems, using conductive polymer composite coating to resist corrosion of steel was put forward in this paper. The three kinds of anti-corrosion mechanism of the polyaniline coating in details were discussed, including metal oxide passivation,shielding effect and corrosion inhibition effect.A range of polyaniline and polyaniline composite coating and the application of the anticorrosion on steel were summarized, the application of polyaniline/inorganic composite coating was emphasized and the research trend of polyaniline coating was prospected. Polyaniline composite coating,especially binary and multi-components composite coating and the corrosion mechanism of composite coating will be the trend of future research and development.The preparation of polyaniline composite coating and corrosion protection study in complex environment will provide the reference to the application of that in a complex environment.
Key wordssteel    polyaniline    composite    anti-corrosion
收稿日期: 2017-10-18      出版日期: 2018-08-17
中图分类号:  TG179  
通讯作者: 冯辉霞(1966-),女,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:功能复合材料研究及应用,联系地址:甘肃省兰州市七里河区彭家坪路36号(730050),E-mail:fenghx66@163.com     E-mail: fenghx66@163.com
引用本文:   
卢勇, 冯辉霞, 孔佩佩. 聚苯胺复合涂层在钢材上的防腐应用及发展趋势[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(8): 27-35.
LU Yong, FENG Hui-xia, KONG Pei-pei. Application and Development Trend of Polyaniline Composite Coatings in Steel Anti-corrosion. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2018, 46(8): 27-35.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001295      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V46/I8/27
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