Please wait a minute...
 
材料工程  2019, Vol. 47 Issue (12): 33-42    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.001292
  综述 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
功能性POSS制备的研究进展
刘昊东, 朱光明, 任天宁
西北工业大学 应用化学系, 西安 710129
Research progress in preparation of functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes
LIU Hao-dong, ZHU Guang-ming, REN Tian-ning
Department of Applied Chemistry, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710129, China
全文: PDF(1813 KB)   HTML()
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)       背景资料
文章导读  
摘要 作为一种特殊结构的有机/无机杂化纳米材料,笼形多面低聚倍半硅氧烷(polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes,POSS)具有优异的理化性能。本文对POSS的发展历程、分子结构特性进行总结,并重点对聚合物改性中常用的六面体功能性POSS的合成方法展开综述,包括硅烷水解法、官能团转化衍生法及"顶角-戴帽"法。所涉及的功能性POSS种类有:甲基丙烯酰氧丙基POSS、乙烯基POSS、氨基POSS、环氧基POSS、羟基POSS及部分单官能化POSS。最后归纳出合成方法的影响因素,并将国内对功能性POSS的研究进行展望:未来的研究工作可注重对合成机理的进一步明确以及对现有工艺稳定性的改善,从而在提高产率的基础上降低成本,为工业化生产提供技术支持;同时可精确设计功能性基团的引入,合成更多新官能化POSS。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
刘昊东
朱光明
任天宁
关键词 笼形多面低聚倍半硅氧烷合成方法有机/无机杂化纳米材料研究进展    
Abstract:As a series of novel organic/inorganic hybrid nanomaterials, nanostructured POSS(polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes) particles are one of the best choices for molecular structure design and modification owing to their fascinating physical and chemical properties. The preparation of functionalized POSS has attracted widespread attention, and it is of major academic significance to investigate the synthesis methods and reaction mechanism in depth. The development process and structural characteristics of POSS were summarized and the synthesis methods of functionalized POSS commonly used in polymer modification were reviewed in this paper, including silane hydrolysis/condensation reactions, functional group transformation derivation method and corner-capping reactions. The nanomaterials investigated in this review include methylacryloxypropanyl-POSS, vinyl-POSS, amino-POSS, epoxy-POSS, hydroxyl-POSS and partial mono-functional POSS. Finally, the influencing factors of these methods were discussed and the domestic research on functionalized POSS was prospected:the future research will focus on the further clarification of the synthesis mechanism and the stability of the existing processes for reducing the cost based on the improvement of the yield and providing technical support for industrial production;likewise, the introduction of functional groups can be precisely designed to prepare additional up-to-date reactive POSS.
Key wordsPOSS    synthesis method    organic/inorganic hybrid nanomaterials    research progress
收稿日期: 2018-11-04      出版日期: 2019-12-17
中图分类号:  O634  
基金资助: 
通讯作者: 朱光明(1963-),男,教授,博士,研究方向为形状记忆高分子及复合材料的制备与应用,联系地址:西安市长安区西北工业大学长安校区896信箱(710129),E-mail:gmzhu@nwpu.edu.cn     E-mail: gmzhu@nwpu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
刘昊东, 朱光明, 任天宁. 功能性POSS制备的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(12): 33-42.
LIU Hao-dong, ZHU Guang-ming, REN Tian-ning. Research progress in preparation of functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(12): 33-42.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.001292      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V47/I12/33
[1] SU J, YANG L, WANG Q. Dual polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes polymerization approach to mutually-mediated separation mechanisms of hybrid monolithic stationary and mobile phases towards small molecules[J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2018, 1533:136-142.
[2] RAHIMIFARD M, ZIARANI G M, BADIEI A, et al. Synthesis of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) with multifunctional sulfonamide groups through click chemistry[J]. Journal of Inorganic & Organometallic Polymers & Materials, 2017, 27(4):1-8.
[3] 杨胜,陈珂龙,王智勇,等. 笼型倍半硅氧烷(POSS)的官能化、杂化以及在改性环氧树脂中的应用研究进展[J]. 航空材料学报, 2019, 39(3):10-24. YANG S, CHEN K L, WANG Z Y, et al. Progress in functionalization, hybridization of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes(POSS)and its application in modified epoxy resin[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2019, 39(3):10-24.
[4] TANAKA K, CHUJO Y. Advanced functional materials based on polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)[J]. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2012, 22(5):1733-1746.
[5] MISASI J M, JIN Q, KNAUER K M, et al. Hybrid POSS-hyperbranched polymer additives for simultaneous reinforcement and toughness improvements in epoxy networks[J]. Polymer, 2017, 117:54-63.
[6] FU J F, LU Q, SHANG D P, et al. A novel room temperature POSS ionic liquid-based solid polymer electrolyte[J].Journal of Materials Science, 2018, 53(11):8420-8435.
[7] HIROHARA T, KAI T, OHSHITA J, et al. Preparation of protic ionic liquids containing cyclic oligosiloxane frameworks[J]. RSC Advances, 2017, 7(17):10575-10582.
[8] HAO T, LIU X, HU G H, et al. Preparation and characterization of polyurethane/POSS hybrid aqueous dispersions from mono-amino substituted POSS[J]. Polymer Bulletin, 2016, 74(2):1-13.
[9] SABET S M, MAHFUZ H, TERENTIS A C, et al. Effects of POSS functionalization of carbon nanotubes on microstructure and thermomechanical behavior of carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites[J]. Journal of Materials Science, 2018, 53(12):8963-8977.
[10] SZUBERT K, PIEPIORKA M, JANKOWSKAWAJDA M, et al. Amino-functional silsesquioxanes (POSS)-effective glass surface modifiers in solidphase nucleic acid synthesis[J]. Current Organic Chemistry, 2017, 21(25):2597-2604.
[11] BLANCO I, BOTTINO F A, BOTTINO P, et al. A novel three-cages POSS molecule:synthesis and thermal behaviour[J]. Journal of Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry, 2018, 134(2):1337-1344.
[12] SCOTT D W. Thermal rearrangement of branched-chain methylpolysiloxanes1[J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2002, 68(3):356-358.
[13] SPRUNG M M, GUENTHER F O. The partial hydrolysis of methyltrimethoxysilane[J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1955, 77(15):4173-4175.
[14] BARRY A J, DAUDT W H, DOMICONE J J, et al. Crystalline organosilsesquioxanes[J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1955, 77(16):4248-4252.
[15] ZHANG W, MÜLLER A H E. Architecture, self-assembly and properties of well-defined hybrid polymers based on polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)[J]. Progress in Polymer Science, 2013, 38(8):1121-1162.
[16] VOGT L H Jr, BROWN J F Jr. Crystalline methylsilsesquioxanes[J]. Inorganic Chemistry, 1963, 2(1):189-192.
[17] BROWN J F Jr. The polycondensation of phenylsilanetriol[J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1965, 87(19):4317-4324.
[18] FRYE C L, COLLINS W T. Oligomeric silsesquioxanes, (HSiO3/2)<em>n[J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1970, 92(19):5586-5588.
[19] FEHER F J, NEWMAN D A, WALZER J F. Silsesquioxanes as models for silica surfaces[J]. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 1989, 111(5):1741-1748.
[20] FEHER F J, WYNDHAM K D, KNAUER D J. Synthesis, characterization and lectin binding study of carbohydrate functionalized silsesquioxanes[J]. Chemical Communications, 1998, 21(21):2393-2394.
[21] LICHTENHAN J D, VU N Q, CARTER J A, et al. Silsesquioxane-siloxane copolymers from polyhedral silsesquioxane[J]. Macromolecules, 1993, 26(8):2141-2142.
[22] PHILLIPS S H, HADDAD T S, TOMCZAK S J. Developments in nanoscience:polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-polymers[J]. Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 2004, 8(1):21-29.
[23] WANG J, ZAIDI S S A, HASNAIN A, et al. Multitargeting peptide-functionalized star-shaped copolymers with comblike structure and a POSS-core to effectively transfect endothelial cells[J]. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, 2018, 4(6):2155-2168.
[24] RAIMONDO M, GUADAGNO L, SPERANZA V, et al. Multifunctional graphene/POSS epoxy resin tailored for aircraft lightning strike protection[J]. Composites:Part B, 2018, 140:44-56.
[25] GHANI K, KESHAVARZ M H, JAFARI M, et al. A novel method for predicting decomposition onset temperature of cubic polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane derivatives[J]. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2018, 132(1):761-770.
[26] 胡智瑜,马青松. 异质元素改性聚硅氧烷衍生SiOC陶瓷研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(7):19-25. HU Z Y, MA Q S. Research progress in SiOC ceramics derived from hetero element-modified polysiloxane[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(7):19-25.
[27] 侯桂香,谢建强,李婷婷,等. MAP-POSS/不饱和环氧树脂混杂光固化膜制备与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(8):49-54. HOU G X, XIE J Q, LI T T, et al. Preparation and properties of MAP-POSS/unsaturated epoxy resin hybrid ultraviolet light cured film[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2017, 45(8):49-54.
[28] 王灵侠,马晓燕,金龙,等. 碱性EPb-POSS增韧E-51/DDS环氧树脂的研究[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(11):33-38. WANG L X, MA X Y, JIN L, et al. Properties of E-51/DDS epoxy resin toughened by alkaline EPb-POSS[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2016, 44(11):33-38.
[29] JIA L, ZHANG W C, TONG B, et al. Crystallization, mechanical and flame-retardant properties of poly(lactic acid) composites with DOPO and DOPO-POSS[J]. Chinese Journal of Polymer Science, 2018, 36(7):1-9.
[30] BLANCO I, ABATE L, BOTTINO F A. Synthesis and thermal behaviour of phenyl-substituted POSSs linked by aliphatic and aromatic bridges[J]. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, 2017, 131(2):1-9.
[31] WANG X, YANG Y, FAN L, et al. POSS-embedded supramolecular hyperbranched polymers constructed from a 1→7 branching monomer with controllable morphology transitions[J]. Science China Chemistry, 2018, 61(3):311-318.
[32] GROCH P, DZIUBEK K, CZAJA K, et al. Copolymers of ethylene with monoalkenyl- and monoalkenyl(siloxy) silsesquioxane (POSS) comonomers-synthesis and characterization[J]. European Polymer Journal, 2017, 90:368-382.
[33] 范海波, 刘艳林, 杨荣杰, 等. 芳炔树脂/POSS固化相容性及热稳定性研究[J]. 材料工程, 2014(3):1-6. FAN H B, LIU Y L, YANG R J, et al. Compatibility and thermostability between polyarylacetylene composites and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2014(3):1-6.
[34] LUKASZ J, MATEUSZ J, MAGDALENA R, et al. Synthesis and microstructural properties of the scaffold based on a 3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate-POSS hybrid towards potential tissue engineering applications[J]. RSC Advances, 2016, 6(70):66037-66047.
[35] McMULLIN E, REBAR H T, MATHER P T. Biodegradable thermoplastic elastomers incorporating POSS:synthesis, microstructure, and mechanical properties[J]. Macromolecules, 2016, 49(10):3769-3779.
[36] 窦金涛. 笼型八乙烯基倍半硅氧烷的结晶行为研究[D]. 济南:山东大学, 2013. DOU J T. Crystallization of octavinyl silsesquioxane[D]. Jinan:Shandong University, 2013.
[37] KINOSHITA Y, WAKIMOTO K, GIBBONS A H, et al. Enhanced PIM-1 membrane gas separation selectivity through efficient dispersion of functionalized POSS fillers[J]. Journal of Membrane Science, 2017, 539:178-186.
[38] TAKAHASHI T, KATOH T, SAKUMA T, et al. Mechanical and thermal properties of the hybrid composites of vinylester resin and methacryl-substituted polysilsesquioxane[J]. Polymer Composites, 2010, 30(5):591-596.
[39] 蔡华轮,许凯,刘欢,等. PC/POSS复合材料的制备及热性能[J]. 高分子材料科学与工程, 2011, 27(12):114-118. CAI H L, XU K, LIU H, et al. Preparation and thermal properties of PC/POSS composites[J]. Polymer Materials Science & Engineering, 2011, 27(12):114-118.
[40] LIU B, HUANG Y, CAO H, et al. A novel polyacrylonitrile-based porous structure gel polymer electrolyte composited by incorporating polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane by phase inversion method[J]. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2018, 22(7179):1-13.
[41] HUANG Y, LIU B, CAO H, et al. Novel gel polymer electrolyte based on matrix of PMMA modified with polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane[J]. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 2017, 21(8):1-9.
[42] ZHANG Y, MAO Y, CHEN D, et al. Synthesis and characterization of addition-type silicone rubbers (ASR) using a novel cross-linking agent PH prepared by vinyl-POSS and PMHS[J]. Polymer Degradation & Stability, 2013, 98(4):916-925.
[43] HUANG X, XIE L, JIANG P, et al. Morphology studies and ac electrical property of low density polyethylene/octavinyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane composite dielectrics[J]. European Polymer Journal, 2009, 45(8):2172-2183.
[44] 白雪涛. PMMA-POSS杂化材料的形态与热性能研究[D]. 长春:吉林大学, 2012. BAI X T. Study on morphology and thermal properties of PMMA-POSS hybrid materials[D]. Changchun:Jilin University, 2012.
[45] GUO M, ÉRIC DAVID, FRÉCHETTE M, et al. Polyethylene/polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes composites:dielectric, thermal and rheological properties[J]. Polymer, 2017, 115:60-69.
[46] 孙彩云,李芝,宋云. 正交设计在乙烯基POSS制备中的应用[J]. 河北农业大学学报, 2012, 35(4):114-117. SUN C Y, LI Z, SONG Y. Application of orthogonal design in the preparation of POSS[J]. Journal of Agricultural University of Hebei, 2012, 35(4):114-117.
[47] RUAN Z, RONG W H, ZHAN X J, et al. POSS containing organometallic polymers:synthesis, characterization and solid-state pyrolysis behavior[J]. Polymer Chemistry, 2014, 5(20):5994-6002.
[48] LIU S, LANG X, YE H, et al. Preparation and characterization of copolymerized aminopropyl/phenyl silsesquioxane microparticle[J]. European Polymer Journal, 2005, 41(5):996-1001.
[49] 魏化震,李莹,安振河. ZrB2和POSS对碳布/酚醛复合材料烧蚀性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2014(11):38-42. WEI H Z, LI Y, AN Z H. Effect of ZrB2 and POSS on ablation properties of carbon fabric/phenolic composite[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2014(11):38-42.
[50] CHEN P, HUANG X, ZHANG Q, et al. Hybrid networks based on poly(styrene-co-maleic anhydride) and N-phenylaminomethyl POSS[J]. Polymer, 2013, 54(3):1091-1097.
[51] 许漪. 反应性笼形倍半硅氧烷(R-POSS)对纤维素纤维的改性[J]. 人造纤维, 2010, 40(6):19-23. XU Y. Modification of reactive cage silsesquioxane (R-POSS) on cellulose fiber[J]. Artificial Fibre, 2010, 40(6):19-23.
[52] 雷星锋. 功能型聚酰亚胺/硅膜材料构筑与性能研究[D]. 西安:西北工业大学, 2016. LEI X F. Functional polyimide/silicon films:fabrication and properties[D]. Xi'an:Northwestern Polytechnical University, 2016.
[53] LIN P H, KHARE R. Local chain dynamics and dynamic heterogeneity in cross-linked epoxy in the vicinity of glass transition[J]. Macromolecules, 2010, 43(15):6505-6510.
[54] XU Y, YUAN J, MüLLER A H E. Single-molecular hybrid nano-cylinders:attaching polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane covalently to poly(glycidyl methacrylate) cylindrical brushes[J]. Polymer, 2009, 50(25):5933-5939.
[55] CHEN L, HU Z, WU Z, et al. POSS-bound ZnO nanowires as interphase for enhancing interfacial strength and hydrothermal aging resistance of PBO fiber/epoxy resin composites[J]. Composites:Part A, 2017, 96:1-8.
[56] LI S, JIANG X, YANG Q, et al. Effects of amino functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes on cross-linked poly (ethylene oxide) membranes for highly-efficient CO2 separation[J]. Chemical Engineering Research & Design, 2017, 122:280-288.
[57] 王文平,江航. 多分散POSS/环氧树脂复合材料的制备及性能研究[J]. 化工新型材料, 2013, 41(2):36-38. WANG W P, JIANG H. Study on preparation and properties of polydisperse-POSS/epoxy resin composites[J]. New Chemical Materials, 2013, 41(2):36-38.
[58] 郭志龙. POSS改性耐紫外耐高温型涂层材料的研究[D]. 北京:北京化工大学, 2015. GUO Z L. Study of POSS modified materials with both UV resistance and high temperature stability[D]. Beijing:Peking University of Chemical Technology, 2015.
[59] 曾显栋. POSS的合成及其PET复合材料的制备与性能[D]. 上海:东华大学, 2016. ZENG X D. The synthesis of POSS and its application in PET composites[D]. Shanghai:Donghua University, 2016.
[60] 刘云彦,李家峰,张立功,等. 镁锂合金表面阳极氧化热控膜层制备及性能[J]. 航空材料学报, 2018, 38(6):36-42. LIU Y Y, LI J F, ZHANG L G,et al. Process parameters, characteristics and properties of anodic thermal control coating of magnesium-lithium alloy[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2018, 38(6):36-42.
[61] JIN J, TANG M J, ZHANG Z H, et al. Synthesis of POSS-functionalized liquid crystalline block copolymers via RAFT polymerization for stabilizing blue phase helical soft superstructure[J]. Polymer Chemistry, 2018, 9(16):2101-2108.
[62] XU H, YANG B, GAO X, et al. Synthesis and characterization of organic-inorganic hybrid polymers with a well-defined structure from diamines and epoxy-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2010, 101(6):3730-3735.
[63] 姚敏. 多羟基POSS及其聚合物杂化纤维材料的制备与表征[D]. 杭州:浙江大学, 2012. YAO M. Preparation and characterization of multi-hydroxyl POSS and polymer/POSS hybrid fibers[D]. Hangzhou:Zhejiang University, 2012.
[64] YE M F, WU Y W, ZHANG W C, et al. Synthesis of incompletely caged silsesquioxane (T7-POSS) compounds via a versatile three-step approach[J]. Research on Chemical Intermediates, 2018, 44(7):1-18.
[65] 王砥,张兴文,付强. 多羟基POSS对改性环氧网络热性能的影响[J]. 哈尔滨工业大学学报, 2010, 42(4):669-672. WANG D, ZHANG X W, FU Q. Influence of polyhydroxyl modifier on thermal properties of epoxy resin network[J]. Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology, 2010, 42(4):669-672.
[66] LIU Y, ZHENG S, NIE K. Epoxy nanocomposites with octa (propyl glycidyl ether) polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane[J]. Polymer, 2005, 46(25):12016-12025.
[67] 李佳敏. 基于化学点击反应制备POSS基星型两嵌段聚合物[D]. 成都:电子科技大学, 2014. LI J M. Preparation of POSS-based star two block copolymers via click chemistry[D]. Chengdu:University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, 2014.
[68] BLANCO I, BOTTINO F A, CICALA G, et al. Synthesis and characterization of differently substituted phenyl hepta isobutyl-polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane/polystyrene nanocomposites[J]. Polymer Composites, 2014, 35(1):151-157.
[69] KUCUK A C, MATSUI J, MIYASHITA T. Synthesis and photochemical response of Ru(II)-coordinated double-decker silsesquioxane[J]. RSC Advances, 2018, 8(4):2148-2156.
[70] YEN Y C, YE Y S, CHENG C C, et al. The effect of sulfonic acid groups within a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane containing cross-linked proton exchange membrane[J]. Polymer, 2010, 51(1):84-91.
[71] CHEN D, YI S, WU W, et al. Synthesis and characterization of novel room temperature vulcanized (RTV) silicone rubbers using Vinyl-POSS derivatives as cross linking agents[J]. Polymer, 2010, 51(17):3867-3878.
[72] HUANG M, YUE K, HUANG J H, et al. Highly asymmetric phase behaviors of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes based multi-headed giant surfactants[J]. ACS Nano, 2018, 12(2):1868-1877.
[73] FAN H, HE J, YANG R. Synthesis, characterization, and thermal curing of a novel polyhedral oligomeric octa(propargylaminophenyl) silsesquioxane[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2012, 127(1):463-470.
[74] 张文红. 功能化POSS单体合成及表征[D]. 杭州:浙江大学, 2010. ZHANG W H. Synthesis and characterization of functional POSS monomers[D]. Hangzhou:Zhejiang University, 2010.
[75] 肖俊平,王欣. 单官能化倍半硅氧烷的合成与表征[J]. 有机硅材料, 2011, 25(5):300-305. XIAO J P, WANG X. Synthesis & characterization of mono-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes[J]. Silicone Material, 2011, 25(5):300-305.
[76] HU J K, YU X F, LU A D, et al. Recent development in the synthesis of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane[J]. Polymer Bulletin, 2014(10):52-61.
[1] 魏化震, 钟蔚华, 于广. 高分子复合材料在装甲防护领域的研究与应用进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(8): 25-32.
[2] 吴怡芳, 崇少坤, 柳永宁, 郭生武, 白利锋, 张翠萍, 李成山. 碳纳米材料构建高性能锂离子和锂硫电池研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(4): 25-35.
[3] 王继刚, 余永志, 邹婧叶, 孟江, 李淑萍, 蒋南. 基于微波辐照合成类石墨烯氮化碳的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(4): 15-24.
[4] 吴笑, 许博, 朱向东, 辛菲, 钱立军, 刘吉平. 催化阻燃聚合物的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(9): 14-22.
[5] 游国强, 郭伟, 张秀丽, 文恒玉, 沈鹭. 镁合金摩擦焊的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(1): 141-148.
[6] 吕生华, 李莹, 杨文强, 崔亚亚. 氧化石墨烯/壳聚糖生物复合材料的制备及应用研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(10): 119-128.
[7] 徐文骥, 宋金龙, 孙晶, 窦庆乐. 金属基体超疏水表面制备及应用的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2011, 0(5): 93-98.
[8] 韩媛媛, 张宇民, 韩杰才, 张剑寒, 姚旺, 周玉峰. 国内外碳化硅反射镜及系统研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2005, 0(6): 59-63.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015《材料工程》编辑部
地址:北京81信箱44分箱 邮政编码: 100095
电话:010-62496276 E-mail:matereng@biam.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn