Please wait a minute...
 
材料工程  2017, Vol. 45 Issue (9): 31-37    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.000251
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合石墨纤维的结构与性能
李娜, 马兆昆, 陈铭, 宋怀河, 李昂, 贾月荣
北京化工大学 材料科学与工程学院 化工资源有效利用国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
Structures and Performance of Graphene/Polyimide Composite Graphite Fibers
LI Na, MA Zhao-kun, CHEN Ming, SONG Huai-he, LI Ang, JIA Yue-rong
State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
全文: PDF(3519 KB)   HTML()
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 采用干湿法纺丝工艺制备氧化石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合纤维,然后将复合纤维进行炭化和石墨化处理得到石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合碳纤维及石墨纤维。对复合碳纤维进行热重分析、Raman、力学性能、传导性能、形貌等测试分析。结果表明,氧化石墨烯添加量为0.3%(质量分数,下同)的复合纤维的耐热性能最佳;氧化石墨烯的加入,使石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合碳纤维的力学性能和传导性能明显提高,石墨化程度增加。当复合碳纤维2800℃石墨化后,氧化石墨烯含量增加到2.0%时,复合石墨纤维的热导率达到435.57 W·m-1·K-1,结构更加致密。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
李娜
马兆昆
陈铭
宋怀河
李昂
贾月荣
关键词 石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合石墨纤维热稳定性力学性能传导性能    
Abstract:Dry-wet spinning process was used to gain graphene oxide/polyimide composite fibers, then graphene/polyimide composite carbon and graphite fibers were obtained through carbonized and graphitized. Different graphene oxide contents of the composite carbon and graphite fibers were measured by thermal gravimetric analysis, Raman, mechanical properties, electrical properties,SEM and so on. The results show that when the GO content is 0.3%(mass fraction,the same below), the thermal property of the graphene oxide/polyimide composite fibers is the best. The mechanical and electrical properties are obriously improved by the addition of GO, graphitization degree also increases. When the composite carbon fibers are treated at 2800℃, GO content increases to 2.0%, the thermal conductivity of the composite graphite fibers reaches 435.57W·m-1·K-1 and cross-section structures of carbon fibers are more compact.
Key wordsGO/PI composite graphite fiber    thermal stability    mechanical property    conductivity property
收稿日期: 2015-09-10      出版日期: 2017-09-16
中图分类号:  TQ342+.74  
通讯作者: 马兆昆(1976-),男,博士,副教授,主要从事高导热碳材料的研制和应用研究,联系地址:北京市北三环东路15号34信箱(100029),E-mail:mazk@mail.buct.edu.cn     E-mail: mazk@mail.buct.edu.cn
引用本文:   
李娜, 马兆昆, 陈铭, 宋怀河, 李昂, 贾月荣. 石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合石墨纤维的结构与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(9): 31-37.
LI Na, MA Zhao-kun, CHEN Ming, SONG Huai-he, LI Ang, JIA Yue-rong. Structures and Performance of Graphene/Polyimide Composite Graphite Fibers. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2017, 45(9): 31-37.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.000251      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V45/I9/31
[1] 丁孟贤.聚酰亚胺-化学、结构与性能的关系及材料[M].北京:科学出版社,2006:1-5. DING M X.Polyimide:chemistry,relationship between structure and properties and materials[M].Beijing:Science Press,2006:1-5.
[2] 朱璇,钱明球,虞鑫海,等.聚酰亚胺及其纤维的研究与开发进展(1)[J].合成技术及应用,2013,28(2):24-29. ZHU X,QIAN M Q,YU X H,et al.The research and development progress in polyimides and its fiber (1)[J].Synthetic Technology and Application,2013,28(2):24-29.
[3] 张清华,陈大俊,丁孟贤.聚酰亚胺纤维[J].高分子通报,2001(5):66-72. ZHANG Q H,CHEN D J,DING M X.Polyimide fibers[J].Polymer Bulletin,2001(5):66-72.
[4] 张清华,张春华,陈大俊,等.高性能聚酰亚胺纤维研究进展[J].高科技纤维与应用,2002, 27(5):11-14. ZHANG Q H,ZHANG C H,CHEN D J,et al.Advances in high performance polyimide fibers[J].Hi-tech Fiber and Application,2002,27(5):11-14.
[5] 汪家铭.聚酰亚胺纤维生产现状与市场前景(上)[J].上海化工,2013,38(2):37-40. WANG J M.Production status and market prospect of polyimide fibers (Ⅰ)[J]. Shanghai Chemical Industry,2013,38(2):37-40.
[6] 张春玲,邱雪鹏,薛彦虎,等.牵伸倍率对联苯型聚酰亚胺纤维形貌、取向及性能的影响[J].高等化学学报,2011,32(4):952-956. ZHANG C L,QIU X P,XUE Y H,et al.Effect of draw ratio on the morphology,orientation and properties of biphenyl-type polyimide fibers[J].Chem J Chinese Universities,2011,32(4):952-956.
[7] PARK S K,FARRIS R J.Dry-jet wet spinning of aromatic polyamic acid fiber using chemical imidization[J].Polymer,2001,42(26):10087-10093.
[8] NEUBER C,SCHMIDT H W,GIESA R.Polyimide fibers obtained by spinning lyotropic solutions of rigid-rod aromatic poly(amic ethyl ester)s[J].Macromolecular Materials & Engineering,2006, 291(11):1315-1326.
[9] ZHANG Q H,DAI M,DING M X,et al.Mechanical properties of BPDA-ODA polyimide fibers[J].European Polymer Journal,2004,40(11):2487-2493.
[10] 巩娜娟.氧化石墨烯对聚丙烯腈纺丝及其向碳纤维结构转化的影响[D].上海:东华大学,2013. GONG N J.The effect of graphene oxide on the spinning of polyacrylonitrile and its transformation to carbon fiber[D].Shanghai:Donghua University,2013.
[11] 牛永安.石墨烯/聚酰亚胺复合薄膜的制备及诱导石墨化研究[D].哈尔滨:哈尔滨工业大学, 2013. NIU Y A.Preparation and induced graphitization of graphene/ployimide composite[D].Harbin:Harbin Institute of Technology,2013.
[12] 李昂,马兆昆,宋怀河,等.热处理温度对聚酰亚胺基炭纤维结构性能影响[J].新型炭材料, 2014,29(6):461-466. LI A,MA Z K,SONG H H,et al.The effect of heat treatment temperature on microstructures and the properties of polyimide-based carbon fibers[J].New Carbon Materials,2014,29(6):461-466.
[13] CHEN M,YIN J,JIN R,et al.Dielectric and mechanical properties and thermal stability of polyimide-graphene oxide composite films[J].Thin Solid Films,2015,584:232-237.
[14] CAO L,SUN Q,WANG H,et al.Enhanced stress transfer and thermal properties of polyimide composites with covalent functionalized reduced graphene oxide[J].Composites Part A Applied Science & Manufacturing,2015,68:140-148.
[15] HA H W,CHOUDHURY A,KAMAL T,et al.Effect of chemical modification of graphene on mechanical,electrical,and thermal properties of polyimide/graphene nanocomposites[J].Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces,2012,4(9):4623.
[16] HUANG T,LU R,SU C,et al.Chemically modified graphene/polyimide composite films based on utilization of covalent bonding and oriented distribution[J].ACS Appl Mater Interfaces,2012,4(5):2699-2708.
[17] QIAN Y,LAN Y,XU J,et al.Fabrication of polyimide-based nanocomposites containing functionalized graphene oxide nanosheets by in-situ, polymerization and their properties[J]. Applied Surface Science,2014,314(10):991-999.
[18] DONG J,YIN C,ZHAO X,et al.High strength polyimide fibers with functionalized graphene[J].Polymer,2013,54(23):6415-6424.
[19] 郭鹏.石墨烯的制备、组装及应用研究[D].北京:北京化工大学,2010. GUO P.Preparation, assembly and application of graphene[D].Beijing:Beijing University of Chemical Technology,2010.
[20] ZHANG X,FUJIWARA S,FUJⅡU M.Measurements of thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity of a single carbon fiber[J].International Journal of Thermophysics,2000,21(4):965-980.
[21] 贺福.用拉曼光谱研究碳纤维的结构[J].高科技纤维与应用,2005,30(6):20-25. HE F.Raman spectroscopy studies on structure of carbon fibres[J].Hi-tech Fiber and Application,2005,30(6):22-25.
[22] 赵根祥,贾世军,钱树安.PI膜转变为炭膜过程中的结构变化[J].炭素技术,1997,91(5):12-17. ZHAO G X,JIA S J,QIAN S A.Studies of the structural changed during the conversion of PI film to carbon film[J].Carbon Techniques,1997,91(5):12-17.
[1] 赵云松, 张迈, 郭小童, 郭媛媛, 赵昊, 刘砚飞, 姜华, 张剑, 骆宇时. 航空发动机涡轮叶片超温服役损伤的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(9): 24-33.
[2] 许凤光, 刘垚, 马文江, 张憬. 退火工艺对Zn/AZ31/Zn复合板材界面微观结构及力学性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(8): 142-148.
[3] 郝思嘉, 李哲灵, 任志东, 田俊鹏, 时双强, 邢悦, 杨程. 拉曼光谱在石墨烯聚合物纳米复合材料中的应用[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(7): 45-60.
[4] 唐大秀, 刘金云, 王玉欣, 尚杰, 刘钢, 刘宜伟, 张辉, 陈清明, 刘翔, 李润伟. 柔性阻变存储器材料研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(7): 81-92.
[5] 张梦清, 于鹤龙, 王红美, 尹艳丽, 魏敏, 乔玉林, 张伟, 徐滨士. 感应熔覆原位合成TiB增强钛基复合涂层的微结构与力学性能[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(7): 111-118.
[6] 李和奇, 王晓民, 曾宏燕. 热处理对FeCrMnNiCox合金微观组织及力学性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(6): 170-175.
[7] 李淑文, 赵孔银, 陈康, 李金刚, 赵磊, 王晓磊, 魏俊富. TiO2共混丝朊接枝聚丙烯腈过滤膜制备及性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(3): 47-52.
[8] 赵新龙, 金鑫, 丁成成, 俞娟, 王晓东, 黄培. 热处理时间对聚甲基丙烯酰亚胺(PMI)泡沫结构和性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(3): 53-58.
[9] 叶寒, 黄俊强, 张坚强, 李聪聪, 刘勇. 纳米WC增强选区激光熔化AlSi10Mg显微组织与力学性能[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(3): 75-83.
[10] 姚小飞, 田伟, 李楠, 王萍, 吕煜坤. 铜导线表面热浸镀PbSn合金镀层的组织与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(3): 148-154.
[11] 刘也川, 张松, 谭俊哲, 关锰, 陶邵佳, 张春华. 机械滚压对A473M钢疲劳性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(3): 163-169.
[12] 李昊卿, 田玉晶, 赵而团, 郭红, 方晓英. S32750双相不锈钢相界与晶界特征对其力学性能和耐蚀性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(2): 133-139.
[13] 钦兰云, 何晓娣, 李明东, 杨光, 高博文. 退火处理对激光沉积制造TC4钛合金组织及力学性能影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(2): 148-155.
[14] 刘天豪, 郭胜锋. 铁基块体非晶合金的形成规律与力学性能研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(11): 46-57.
[15] 唐鹏钧, 房立家, 杨斌, 陈冰清, 李沛勇, 张学军. 激光选区熔化AlSi7MgTi合金显微组织与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(11): 116-123.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015《材料工程》编辑部
地址:北京81信箱44分箱 邮政编码: 100095
电话:010-62496276 E-mail:matereng@biam.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn