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材料工程
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聚苯胺及其伪装应用研究进展
赵亮1, 李晓霞1,2, 郭宇翔1, 马德跃1
1. 脉冲功率激光技术国家重点实验室, 合肥 230037;
2. 安徽红外与等离子体重点实验室, 合肥 230037
Progress in research of polyaniline and its application in camouflage
ZHAO Liang1, LI Xiao-xia1,2, GUO Yu-xiang1, MA De-yue1
1. State Key Laboratory of Pulsed Power Laser Technology, Hefei 230037, China;
2. Anhui Key Laboratory of Infrared and Low Temperature Plasma, Hefei 230037, China
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摘要 导电高分子聚苯胺(PANI)因其独特的掺杂机制和多样化的结构特征,而表现出一系列特殊的光、电等物理性能;PANI容易与其他有机或无机材料复合的特点,使它的功能与用途更加丰富广泛。因此,PANI一直是导电聚合物研究的热点。本文综述了近些年国内外关于PANI的合成、性能表征及其改性等方面的研究进展;随后重点分析了PANI在可见光、红外、雷达波等频段特性研究;最后,展望了PANI通过在分子结构设计、纳米材料复合、器件结构等方面研究及改进,解决实用中柔韧性、兼容性、寿命、功耗等方面难题,将会在光学自适应伪装、多频段复合隐身伪装等智能伪装领域发挥重要作用。
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赵亮
李晓霞
郭宇翔
马德跃
关键词 导电聚合物聚苯胺改性电致变色器件伪装    
Abstract:Polyaniline (PANI) is a kind of conductive polymer, which has some special optical and dielectrical properties due to its specific doping mechanism varied structures. PANI also is easy to combine with other organic or inorganic materials, which extends its function and application. Therefore, PANI is always the research focus of conductive polymers. In this paper, the research progress in the synthesis, characterization, and modification of PANI were reviewed; Then the the characteristics of PANI in the visible, infrared and radar waves were analyzed. At last, PANI research and improvement in molecular structure design, nanomaterial composite, device structure were forecasted, to solve practical difficulties in flexibility, compatibility, longevity, power consumption. The PANI will play an important role in the field of intelligent camouflage such as optical adaptive camouflage and multi-band composite stealth camouflage.
Key wordsconductive polymer    polyaniline    modification    electrochromic device    camouflage
收稿日期: 2016-12-30     
中图分类号:  TN29  
通讯作者: 赵亮(1990-),男,硕士,主要从事聚苯胺光电功能材料的研究工作,联系地址:北京市海淀区马连洼街道东北旺路103号院(100193),E-mail:kobepya@163.com     E-mail: kobepya@163.com;lxxhong@yahoo.com.cn
引用本文:   
赵亮, 李晓霞, 郭宇翔, 马德跃. 聚苯胺及其伪装应用研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.001580.
ZHAO Liang, LI Xiao-xia, GUO Yu-xiang, MA De-yue. Progress in research of polyaniline and its application in camouflage. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(3): 42-49.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.001580      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V47/I3/42
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