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材料工程  2014, Vol. 0 Issue (12): 28-33    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2014.12.005
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
压铸AZ91D镁合金TIG焊接气孔研究
游国强1,2, 杜娟1, 陈磊1, 王向杰1
1. 重庆大学 材料科学与工程学院, 重庆 400044;
2. 重庆大学 国家镁合金材料工程技术研究中心, 重庆 400044
Pores in TIG Welding of Die Casting AZ91D Magnesium Alloy
YOU Guo-qiang1,2, DU Juan1, CHEN Lei1, WANG Xiang-jie1
1. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China;
2. National Engineering Research Center for Magnesium Alloys, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
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摘要 对压铸AZ91D镁合金进行TIG自熔焊接,研究焊接电流对压铸镁合金气孔的影响,探讨焊缝中不同区域的气孔形貌特点及形成机理.结果表明:焊接气孔主要集中在焊缝近表面和熔合线附近;焊接接头的凸起面积、熔化区面积以及气孔率均随着焊接电流的增大而增加.在焊缝近表面主要是氢致气孔,其H主要来自母材;在焊缝中心,气泡受向上的流体力和浮力作用,气孔问题并不严重;在半熔化区,气泡受阻碍其上浮运动的流体力作用,且液态金属黏度较大,气泡很难上浮逸出到熔池表面,从而滞留在半熔化区成为大气孔.
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游国强
杜娟
陈磊
王向杰
关键词 气孔压铸镁合金TIG机理    
Abstract:The plates of die casting AZ91D magnesium alloy were autogenously welded by tungsten inert gas welding(TIG) processing. The effect of welding currents on porosity was investigated. The characteristic and formation mechanism of pores in different zones in the weld were also analyzed. The results indicate that pores are mainly present in the subsurface and near the fusion line in the weld. The area of convexity, melting and porosity all increase with the increasing welding currents. Pores in the subsurface are induced by hydrogen, which results mainly from the base metal. And pores in the center of weld, influenced by the fluid force and buoyancy, are not a serious problem. However, pores in the partially melted zone have few chances to float out of the molten pool,because of the effect of fluid force and the high viscosity of molten metal, which results in a great number of large pores in the partially melted zone.
Key wordspore    die casting magnesium alloy    TIG    mechanism
收稿日期: 2013-07-14      出版日期: 2014-12-20
1:  TG456.7  
基金资助:国家自然科学青年基金项目资助(51105393);中央高校基本科研业务费资助项目(CDJXS11132226);重庆市科技攻关项目资助(CTCS2010AA4045);重庆大学大型仪器设备开放基金资助项目(2012121505)
通讯作者: 游国强(1978-),男,博士,副教授,从事轻金属成型技术的研究工作,联系地址:重庆市沙坪坝区沙正街174号重庆大学材料科学与工程学院(400044)     E-mail: ygq@cqu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
游国强, 杜娟, 陈磊, 王向杰. 压铸AZ91D镁合金TIG焊接气孔研究[J]. 材料工程, 2014, 0(12): 28-33.
YOU Guo-qiang, DU Juan, CHEN Lei, WANG Xiang-jie. Pores in TIG Welding of Die Casting AZ91D Magnesium Alloy. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2014, 0(12): 28-33.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2014.12.005      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V0/I12/28
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