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材料工程  2017, Vol. 45 Issue (7): 103-110    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.000488
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
18CrNiMo7-6合金钢的弯曲微动疲劳特性
申颜团1, 彭金方1, 徐志彪2, 刘建华1, 蔡振兵2, 朱旻昊1,2
1. 西南交通大学 牵引动力国家重点实验室, 成都 610031;
2. 西南交通大学 材料先进技术教育部重点实验室, 成都 610031
Bending Fretting Fatigue Characteristics of 18CrNiMo7-6 Alloy Steel
SHEN Yan-tuan1, PENG Jin-fang1, XU Zhi-biao2, LIU Jian-hua1, CAI Zhen-bing2, ZHU Min-hao1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies of Materials(Ministry of Education), Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China
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摘要 对18CrNiMo7-6合金钢进行弯曲微动疲劳实验,建立弯曲微动疲劳S-N曲线,并对实验结果进行分析。结果表明:该合金钢的弯曲微动疲劳S-N曲线不同于中碳钢材料,也不同于常规弯曲疲劳,而是呈"ε"型曲线特征。随着弯曲疲劳应力的增加,微动运行区域由部分滑移区向混合区和滑移区转变,损伤区的磨损机制以剥层、磨粒磨损和氧化磨损为主。在混合区内,裂纹最易萌生和扩展,且裂纹均萌生于材料接触区次表面。受接触应力和弯曲疲劳应力影响,弯曲微动疲劳裂纹的萌生和扩展可分为三个阶段:初期,在接触应力控制下,裂纹萌生于次表面;随后,裂纹受接触应力和弯曲疲劳应力共同控制,转向更大角度方向扩展;最后,裂纹完全受弯曲疲劳应力控制而垂直于接触表面扩展,直至断裂失效。
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申颜团
彭金方
徐志彪
刘建华
蔡振兵
朱旻昊
关键词 弯曲微动疲劳微动损伤疲劳寿命裂纹扩展    
Abstract:A series of bending fretting fatigue tests of 18CrNiMo7-6 alloy steel were carried out, the bending fretting fatigue S-N curve was built up, and an analysis was made on the test results. The results show that, the S-N curve of 18CrNiMo7-6 alloy steel presents a shape of "ε" curve, which is different from the medium carbon steel, and also different from the plain bending fatigue. With the increase of the bending fatigue stress, the fretting regime transforms from partial slip regime to mixed regime and slip regime. The wear mechanisms of fretting damage zones mainly are delaminated, abrasive wear and oxidative wear. In the mixed regime, the cracks are easy to initiate and propagate, and the cracks all originate from the subsurface of contact zone. Due to the different influence levels of the contact stress and bending fatigue stress, the initiation and propagation of the bending fretting fatigue cracks can be divided into three stages. Firstly, the cracks initiate from subsurface under the control of contact stress; then propagate to a larger angle direction under the joint control of contact stress and bending fatigue stress; lastly the cracks propagate vertically to contact surface until fracture failure under the control of bending fatigue stress.
Key wordsbending fretting fatigue    fretting damage    fatigue life    crack propagation
收稿日期: 2015-04-23      出版日期: 2017-07-21
中图分类号:  TH117.1  
通讯作者: 朱旻昊(1968-),男,教授,博导,从事专业:摩擦学、表面工程,联系地址:四川省成都市二环路北一段111号西南交通大学(610031),E-mail:zhuminhao@swjtu.cn     E-mail: zhuminhao@swjtu.cn
引用本文:   
申颜团, 彭金方, 徐志彪, 刘建华, 蔡振兵, 朱旻昊. 18CrNiMo7-6合金钢的弯曲微动疲劳特性[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(7): 103-110.
SHEN Yan-tuan, PENG Jin-fang, XU Zhi-biao, LIU Jian-hua, CAI Zhen-bing, ZHU Min-hao. Bending Fretting Fatigue Characteristics of 18CrNiMo7-6 Alloy Steel. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2017, 45(7): 103-110.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.000488      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V45/I7/103
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