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材料工程  2017, Vol. 45 Issue (8): 102-114    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.000535
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纳米多层结构实现硬质薄膜韧化的方法、机理与应用
杜军, 朱晓莹, 王红美
装甲兵工程学院 再制造技术国家重点实验室, 北京 100072
Nano Multilayer Structure Toughening of Hard Coatings-Method, Mechanism and Application
DU Jun, ZHU Xiao-ying, WANG Hong-mei
National Key Laboratory for Remanufacturing, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China
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摘要 硬质薄膜的韧化正成为气相沉积硬质薄膜研究和应用的重点。纳米多层结构设计是实现硬质薄膜强韧化的有效方法。本文介绍了纳米多层薄膜组元和韧化机理,讨论了周期、调制周期比、微观结构等子层因素对强韧化的影响,以及耐磨损、耐冲蚀场合的应用现状、问题以及原因。微裂纹在多层界面间偏折是纳米多层结构韧化的主要机理,但纳米多层结构界面越多,其裂纹萌生源越多,如果界面韧性较差,纳米多层结构会很快发生层-层剥离而失效。因此,纳米多层薄膜的韧化效果决定于界面的质量,而不是数量。必须获得高质量的层间界面,从断裂力学角度考虑抑制微裂纹的扩展,才能发挥纳米多层结构薄膜的优势。
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杜军
朱晓莹
王红美
关键词 硬质薄膜纳米多层韧化界面韧性冲蚀    
Abstract:The toughening of hard coating is becoming very important from engineering point of view. Nano multilayer structure is one of the effective way towards toughening. A comprehensive discussion on composition and toughening mechanism of structure toughening was presented. The effect of period, period ratio and microstructure on toughening, and the application of multilayer structure toughening in wear and erosion were also discussed. Micro-crack deflection is the main mechanism of toughening, but the more interface, the more initiation of cracks, results in spalling failure in case of little interfacial toughness. It can be concluded that interface quality rather quantity dominates toughening effect. In order to show the advantage of nano multilayer film, a good interfacial toughness must be obtained,and the blocking of the propagation of micro cracks should be considered from fracture mechanics point of view.
Key wordshard film    nano multilayer    toughening    interfacial toughness    erosion
收稿日期: 2016-05-07      出版日期: 2017-08-10
中图分类号:  TG174.444  
  TB383  
通讯作者: 杜军(1978-),男,讲师,博士,从事专业:表面改性技术及再制造工程,联系地址:北京市丰台区杜家坎21号再制造系(100072),E-mail:dj8378@163.com     E-mail: dj8378@163.com
引用本文:   
杜军, 朱晓莹, 王红美. 纳米多层结构实现硬质薄膜韧化的方法、机理与应用[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(8): 102-114.
DU Jun, ZHU Xiao-ying, WANG Hong-mei. Nano Multilayer Structure Toughening of Hard Coatings-Method, Mechanism and Application. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2017, 45(8): 102-114.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.000535      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V45/I8/102
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