Preparation of Hollow Fe3O4 Nanospheres & Spongy Carbon Composite and Its Characterization of Electrochemical Performance
YANG Zhao1, YANG Jin-ping1,2, WANG Jing1,2, YAO Shao-wei1, LIU Gang1
1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063009, Hebei, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Inorganic Non-metallic Materials of Hebei Province, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063009, Hebei, China
Abstract：Using FeCl3·6H2O as iron source, the hollow spheres-in-porous three-dimension (3D)-nanostructure denotes the structure of the hollow Fe3O4 nanospheres & spongy carbon composite was synthesized by the disposable solvothermal method. The effect of the preparation methods and the proportion ratio on the electrochemical properties of the samples was investigated. The phase, composition and morphology of the hollow Fe3O4 nanosphere & spongy carbon composites were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The specific surface area and pore size distribution of the specimen were characterized by nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm method. Galvanostatic cycling test was carried out with a LAND CT2001C battery test system to characterize the electrochemical performance. The electrochemical experiment results indicate that the sample exhibits the better electrochemical properties with the synchronization solvothermal method and compound ratio Fe3O4&C=2:1. The reversible specific capacity remains 1302.6mAh·g-1 up to 100 cycles at the current density of 0.1A·g-1. A homogeneous distribution of hollow Fe3O4 nanospheres(135nm) in the spongy carbon conductive 3D-network significantly enhances the effective contact with electrolyte and increases electrochemical reaction area, so that improves electrochemical performance of the composite material.
杨朝, 杨金萍, 王静, 姚少巍, 刘刚. 空心球Fe3O4&海绵状碳复合材料制备及其电化学性能表征[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(6): 43-50.
YANG Zhao, YANG Jin-ping, WANG Jing, YAO Shao-wei, LIU Gang. Preparation of Hollow Fe3O4 Nanospheres & Spongy Carbon Composite and Its Characterization of Electrochemical Performance. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2018, 46(6): 43-50.
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