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材料工程  2016, Vol. 44 Issue (2): 122-128    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.02.019
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特约3D打印技术研究现状和关键技术
张学军1, 唐思熠1, 肇恒跃2, 郭绍庆1, 李能1, 孙兵兵1, 陈冰清1
1. 北京航空材料研究院, 北京 100095;
2. 空军驻沈飞工业 集团有限公司军代表室, 沈阳 110034
Research Status and Key Technologies of 3D Printing
ZHANG Xue-jun1, TANG Si-yi1, ZHAO Heng-yue2, GUO Shao-qing1, LI Neng1, SUN Bing-bing1, CHEN Bing-qing1
1. Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, Beijing 100095, China;
2. Air Force Representative Office in Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, Shenyang 110034, China
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摘要 本文首先简要介绍了3D打印技术的基本原理及分类,然后重点介绍了有关金属材料3D打印的几种方法:电子束熔化成形(EBM)、激光选区熔化成形(SLM)、激光快速成形技术(LDMD)。简述了金属材料3D打印的应用领域及国内外发展情况及研究现状。文章最后结合国内外金属材料3D打印的研究现状,指出金属材料3D打印需要在打印用粉末、金属3D打印设备、3D打印零件无损检测方法、3D打印零件的失效行为和寿命预测等方面进行重点研究,并建立3D打印零件的无损检测标准规范以及3D打印材料全面力学性能数据库。
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张学军
唐思熠
肇恒跃
郭绍庆
李能
孙兵兵
陈冰清
关键词 3D打印增材制造金属材料    
Abstract:After introducing the principle and classification of 3D printing, methods for metal forming using 3D printing were reviewed in details, including electron beam melting(EBM), selective laser melting(SLM), laser direct melting deposition(LDMD). The application fields of metal 3D printing and research status overseas and domestic were also discussed in this paper. At last, based on the current development of metal 3D printing, this paper summarized the key issues that should be solved, which include the quality of powders, the usage of 3D printing equipments, nondestructive testing for 3D printing components, the failure analysis and prediction of lifecycles for 3D printing components. The standards of nondestructive testing for 3D printing components should be established and the database of comprehensive mechanical properties for 3D printing materials should be built.
Key words3D printing    additive manufacturing    metal material
收稿日期: 2015-06-23      出版日期: 2016-02-22
中图分类号:  TG47  
通讯作者: 张学军(1969-),男,研究员,硕士,从事航空金属材料焊接、激光3D打印研究,联系地址:北京市81信箱20分箱(100095),E-mail:xuejun.zhang@biam.ac.cn     E-mail: xuejun.zhang@biam.ac.cn
引用本文:   
张学军, 唐思熠, 肇恒跃, 郭绍庆, 李能, 孙兵兵, 陈冰清. 特约3D打印技术研究现状和关键技术[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(2): 122-128.
ZHANG Xue-jun, TANG Si-yi, ZHAO Heng-yue, GUO Shao-qing, LI Neng, SUN Bing-bing, CHEN Bing-qing. Research Status and Key Technologies of 3D Printing. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2016, 44(2): 122-128.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.02.019      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V44/I2/122
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