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材料工程  2016, Vol. 44 Issue (3): 21-27    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.03.004
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
基于碳纤维表面修饰制备碳纤维织物增强聚苯硫醚(CFF/PPS)热塑性复合材料
景鹏展1, 朱姝1,2, 余木火1,2, 袁象恺1, 刘卫平2,3, 姜正飞1
1. 东华大学纤维材料改性国家重点实验室, 上海 201620;
2. 东华大学上海市轻质结构复合材料重点实验室, 上海 201620;
3. 上海飞机制造有限公司航空制造技术研究所复合材料中心, 上海 200436
Preparation of Carbon Fiber Fabric Reinforced Polyphenylene Sulfide (CFF/PPS) Thermoplastic Composites Based on Surface Modification of Carbon Fibers
JING Peng-zhan1, ZHU Shu1,2, YU Mu-huo1,2, YUAN Xiang-kai1, LIU Wei-ping2,3, JIANG Zheng-fei1
1. State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Shanghai City for Lightweight Composites, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China;
3. Composite Manufacturing Center of Commercial Aircraft, Shanghai Aircraft Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200436, China
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摘要 碳纤维织物增强聚苯硫醚(CFF/PPS)复合材料是重要的热塑性航空复合材料,其难点为提高碳纤维(CF)与基体的浸润性及界面强度。探讨了CF表面修饰对CFF/PPS界面结合强度的影响,对比了热处理去浆及三种表面修饰剂对碳纤维单丝及CFF/PPS复合材料的改性效果。采用X射线光电子能谱分析(XPS)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、单丝强度测试、复合材料静力学测试和动态力学分析等手段对CF表面修饰效果进行评价,建立了基于CF表面修饰制备高性能CFF/PPS热塑性航空复合材料的方法。制备的复合材料层间剪切强度达91.4MPa,弯曲强度953.7MPa,拉伸强度797.4MPa,模量68.4GPa,冲击强度58.3kJ/m2,用SEM观察到CF表面包覆大量PPS树脂。
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景鹏展
朱姝
余木火
袁象恺
刘卫平
姜正飞
关键词 碳纤维织物聚苯硫醚表面修饰界面结合强度    
Abstract:Carbon fiber fabric reinforced polyphenylene sulfide (CFF/PPS) composite is one of most important thermoplastic composites for aviation. The main difficulties of preparing tough and strong CFF/PPS are to improve the infiltration and interfacial strength between carbon fibers (CF) and PPS matrix. The effects of surface modifications for CF on the interfacial strength between CF and PPS were investigated. Particularly, the influences of various processing conditions of annealing and coating with three modifiers on mechanical properties of CF and CFF/PPS were discussed. The effectiveness of surface modifications for CF was evaluated with several methods of characterization, including X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), single fiber strength test, interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) test, and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). Based on CF surface modification, the method to prepare high performance CFF/PPS thermoplastic composites for aviation was established. Optimized composite exhibits an ILSS of 91.4 MPa, a flexural strength of 953.7MPa, a tensile strength of 797.4MPa, a tensile modulus of 68.4 GPa, and an impact strength of 58.3kJ/m2. SEM observations on the fractural surface show that each CF is covered with substantial PPS matrix, indicating favorable adhesion between CF and PPS.
Key wordscarbon fiber fabric    polyphenylene sulfide (PPS)    surface modification    interfacial strength
收稿日期: 2014-09-15      出版日期: 2016-03-22
中图分类号:  TB332  
通讯作者: 朱姝(1983-),女,讲师,博士,研究方向为航空热塑性复合材料,联系地址:上海市松江区人民北路2999号民用航空复合材料楼(201620),E-mail:zhushu@dhu.edu.cn     E-mail: zhushu@dhu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
景鹏展, 朱姝, 余木火, 袁象恺, 刘卫平, 姜正飞. 基于碳纤维表面修饰制备碳纤维织物增强聚苯硫醚(CFF/PPS)热塑性复合材料[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(3): 21-27.
JING Peng-zhan, ZHU Shu, YU Mu-huo, YUAN Xiang-kai, LIU Wei-ping, JIANG Zheng-fei. Preparation of Carbon Fiber Fabric Reinforced Polyphenylene Sulfide (CFF/PPS) Thermoplastic Composites Based on Surface Modification of Carbon Fibers. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2016, 44(3): 21-27.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.03.004      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V44/I3/21
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