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材料工程  2016, Vol. 44 Issue (7): 7-12    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.07.002
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
C/C复合材料不同基体炭的微观结构
刘皓1, 李克智2
1. 榆林学院 能源化工研究中心, 陕西 榆林 719000;
2. 西北工业大学 材料学院, 西安 710072
Microstructure of C/C Composites with Different Matrix Carbon
LIU Hao1, LI Ke-zhi2
1. Research Center of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Yulin University, Yulin 719000, Shaanxi, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
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摘要 借助偏光显微镜、扫描电镜、透射电镜和X射线衍射仪对C/C复合材料不同基体炭的微观结构进行了研究。结果表明:不同基体炭在偏光显微镜下呈现出不同的光学活性度,其平均光学活性度依次由普通沥青炭、热解炭的光滑层、热解炭的粗糙层、中间相沥青炭逐渐增强;在SEM下,普通沥青以“葡萄状”结构为主,热解炭分为块状和“皱褶状”片层状结构,中间相沥青炭为形状各异的片层条带状结构;在HRTEM下,中间相沥青炭的晶格条纹排列规整,是一种长程有序的晶体结构,晶化程度很高。XRD分析表明,材料B(中间相沥青基C/C复合材料)的石墨化度最高,层间距最小,材料D(热解炭基C/C复合材料)次之。
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刘皓
李克智
关键词 C/C复合材料基体炭微观结构    
Abstract:The microstructure of carbon/carbon(C/C) composites with different matrix carbon was studied by polarized light microscopy (PLM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and XRD techniques respectively. PLM results indicate that the different matrix carbon exhibits different optical reactivity, and the average optical reactivity is gradually enhanced from normal pitch carbon, smooth laminar of pyrocarbon, rough laminar of pyrocarbon to mesophase pitch carbon; SEM results show that the normal pitch carbon is mainly of grapy structure, the pyrocarbon exhibits like-crinkle lamellar structure, while the mesophase pitch carbon exhibits lamellar banded structure with different shapes. Under HRTEM, the lattice fringes of the mesophase pitch carbon are arranged regularly, is a long range ordered crystal structure, and the preferred orientation is high. The degree of the graphite and the interlayer spacing of the material B (mesophase pitch-based C/C composites) are better than that of the material D (pyrocarbon-based C/C composites).
Key wordsC/C composites    matrix carbon    microstructure
收稿日期: 2015-11-22      出版日期: 2016-07-19
中图分类号:  TB332  
通讯作者: 刘皓(1972-),男,副教授,博士,主要从事碳素材料及煤炭清洁转化研究,联系地址:陕西省榆林市榆林学院能源化工研究中心(719000),E-mail:liuh0929@163.com     E-mail: liuh0929@163.com
引用本文:   
刘皓, 李克智. C/C复合材料不同基体炭的微观结构[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(7): 7-12.
LIU Hao, LI Ke-zhi. Microstructure of C/C Composites with Different Matrix Carbon. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2016, 44(7): 7-12.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.07.002      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V44/I7/7
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