Abstract：The energy crisis and environmental pollution problem is increasingly serious on a global scale, however the rapid development of photocatalytic technology brings the dawn to solve the problem, and the photocatalytic materials system as a basic element has become the focus. The photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in water was focused in this article, and the development status of photocatalytic technology, nine types of photocatalytic materials and their properties, mechanism of action and the application of research, as well as modification methods of the materials were summarized. Finally, it was proposed that the materials still has the problems of low solar energy utilization, low quantum yield, and insufficient photochemical stability at the current stage, nevertheless the new material system of metal-organic framework (MOF) and the modification methods of micro/nano mesoporous, multi-hole composite, Z-scheme semiconductors provide a broader space for the exploration of photocatalytic materials.
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