Please wait a minute...
 
材料工程  2019, Vol. 47 Issue (4): 120-126    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001475
  研究论文 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
定向凝固镍基合金DZ444声学特性的各向异性
罗忠兵, 张嘉宁, 金士杰, 林莉
大连理工大学 无损检测研究所, 辽宁 大连 116085
Anisotropic acoustic properties of directionally solidified nickel-based superalloy DZ444
LUO Zhong-bing, ZHANG Jia-ning, JIN Shi-jie, LIN Li
NDT & E Laboratory, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116085, Liaoning, China
全文: PDF(6482 KB)   HTML()
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 选取定向凝固镍基高温合金DZ444不同方向片状试样,利用电子背散射衍射等技术表征晶体取向和微观组织,利用脉冲回波技术分析纵波声速和声衰减系数。结果表明:两声学特性呈各向异性,随着试样平面法向与凝固方向之间夹角φ由0°到45°再到90°,纵波声速由5533m/s增大到6595m/s后又降至5634m/s,而声衰减系数逐渐增大,变化约0.19dB/mm;对信号频谱分析发现,表面回波与一次底波的主频差值、主频幅值差值及表观积分反射系数均逐渐增大,这主要是由微观组织和晶体取向差异造成的。
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
罗忠兵
张嘉宁
金士杰
林莉
关键词 定向凝固镍基高温合金声学特性各向异性频谱分析    
Abstract:Directionally solidified nickel-based superalloy DZ444 specimens with different directions were selected. The crystal orientation and microstructure were characterized by electron back-scattered diffraction technique and so on. The longitudinal wave velocity and attenuation coefficient were analyzed by ultrasonic pulse-echo technique. Results show that the above two acoustic properties are anisotropic. With the included angle φ between the normal direction of the sheet plane and the solidified direction increases from 0° to 45° to 90°, the longitudinal wave velocity increases from 5533m/s to 6595m/s and then decreases to 5634m/s, while the attenuation coefficient shows a monotonic increment of 0.19dB/mm. Further spectrum analysis shows that the main frequency shift, amplitude shift and apparent integral reflection coefficient of the surface echo and the bottom echo present a similar trend with the attenuation coefficient. This is mainly resulted by the difference of microstructure and crystal orientation.
Key wordsdirectional solidification    nickel-based superalloy    acoustic property    anisotropy    spectrum analysis
收稿日期: 2017-12-01      出版日期: 2019-04-19
中图分类号:  TG146  
  O426  
通讯作者: 林莉(1970-),女,博士,教授,研究方向:材料无损检测与评价,联系地址:辽宁省大连市高新区凌工路2号大连理工大学材料科学与工程学院(116085),E-mail:linli@dlut.edu.cn     E-mail: linli@dlut.edu.cn
引用本文:   
罗忠兵, 张嘉宁, 金士杰, 林莉. 定向凝固镍基合金DZ444声学特性的各向异性[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(4): 120-126.
LUO Zhong-bing, ZHANG Jia-ning, JIN Shi-jie, LIN Li. Anisotropic acoustic properties of directionally solidified nickel-based superalloy DZ444. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(4): 120-126.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001475      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V47/I4/120
[1] 傅恒志. 航空航天材料定向凝固[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2015. FU H Z. Directional solidification processing of aero-high temper-ature materials[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 2015.
[2] 刘大响. 一代新材料,一代新型发动机:航空发动机的发展趋势及其对材料的需求[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(10):1-5. LIU D X. One generation of new material, one generation of new type engine:development trend of aero-engine and its requirem-ents for materials[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2017, 45(10):1-5.
[3] POLLOCK T M, TIN S. Nickel-based superalloys for advanced turbine engines:chemistry, microstructure and properties[J]. Journal of Propulsion & Power, 2006, 22(2):361-374.
[4] CHEN G, ZHANG Y, XU D K, et al. Low cycle fatigue and creep-fatigue interaction behavior of nickel-base superalloy GH4169 at elevated temperature of 650℃[J]. Materials Science and Engin-eering:A, 2016, 655:175-182.
[5] BARAT K, METYA A, SATHPATHY S, et al. Ultrasonic quantification of high temperature cyclic damage in an advanced nickel based superalloy[J]. Materials Science and Engineering:A, 2015, 625:194-204.
[6] RINKEVICH A B, STEPANOVA N N, RODIONOV D P, et al. Ultrasonic testing of single-and polycrystal articles made of nickel-based heat-resistant alloys[J]. Russian Journal of Nondes-tructive Testing, 2009, 45(11):745-759.
[7] MA Z Y, ZHAO Y, LUO Z B, et al. Ultrasonic characterization of thermally grown oxide in thermal barrier coating by reflection coefficient amplitude spectrum[J]. Ultrasonics, 2014, 54(4):1005-1009.
[8] AGHAIE-KHAFRI M, HONARVAR F, ZANGENEH S. Corr-elation between ultrasonic velocity and solutionising time in Rene 80 superalloy[J]. Materials Science and Technology, 2011, 27(9):1433-1435.
[9] CHOI C Y, SONG J H, OH S U, et al. Evaluation of creep reliability of powder metallurgy and cast-type Ni-based superalloy by using ultrasonic wave[J]. Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute, 2012, 19(3):215-219.
[10] 应崇福. 超声学[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 1990. YING C F. Ultrasonics[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 1990.
[11] SABNIS P A, MAZIERE M, FOREST S, et al. Effect of secon-dary orientation on notch-tip plasticity in superalloy single cryst-als[J]. International Journal of Plasticity, 2012, 28(1):102-123.
[12] 温仲元,李家伟,张国焕. 铸造镍基高温合金单晶各向异性的超声测定[J]. 航空材料学报, 1984, 4(2):51-57. WEN Z Y, LI J W, ZHANG G H. The anisotropy of single crystal of a nickel base superalloy investigated by ultrasonic waves[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 1984, 4(2):51-57.
[13] 赵洪波,郭广平,邬冠华. 立方晶系单晶材料晶体取向对纵波声速的影响[J]. 失效分析与预防, 2010, 5(2):65-69. ZHAO H B, GUO G P, WU G H. Influence of crystal orient-ation of cubic system single crystal material on longitudinal-wave velocity[J]. Failure Analysis and Prevention, 2010, 5(2):65-69.
[14] ZHANG J, LI J, JIN T, et al. Effect of Mo concentration on creep properties of a single crystal nickel-base superalloy[J]. Materials Science and Engineering:A, 2010, 527(13/14):3051-3056.
[15] 基什金S T,斯特洛干诺夫G B.铸造镍基高温合金中的碳化物强化[J]. 航空材料学报, 1991, 11(2):1-8. KISHKIN S T, STROGANOV G B. Carbide strengthening in cast superalloys on nickel base[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 1991,11(2):1-8.
[16] LIU C C, TA D A, FUJITA F, et al. The relationship between ultrasonic backscatter and trabecular anisotropic microstructure in cancellous bone[J]. Journal of Applied Physics, 2014, 115(6):1252-1276.
[17] 张谦琳,周劲林. 定向结晶合金材料全部工程弹性常数的超声测定[J]. 实验力学, 1997, 12(4):22-28. ZHANG Q L, ZHOU J L. Determination of all engineering elastic constants for an orientational crystalline alloy with ultrasonic method[J]. Journal of Experimental Mechanics, 1997, 12(4):22-28.
[18] 袁和义,陈平. 基于波速测量的龙马溪组页岩的各向异性研究[J]. 地下空间与工程学报, 2017, 13(5):1200-1205. YUAN H Y, CHEN P. Study on Longmaxi formation shale anisotropy based on acoustic wave velocity measurement[J]. Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering, 2017, 13(5):1200-1205.
[19] CHADWICK G A. Directionally solidified materials for high temperature service[M]. London,UK:The Metals Society, 1983.
[20] 朱效磊. 基于EBSD和超声的粗晶奥氏体不锈钢疲劳损伤评价[D]. 大连:大连理工大学, 2017. ZHU X L. Fatigue damage evaluation of coarse-grained auste-nitic stainless steel based on EBSD and ultrasound methods[D]. Dalian:Dalian University of Technology, 2017.
[1] 段晓鸽, 江海涛, 米振莉, 王丽丽, 李萧. 轧制方式对6016铝合金薄板组织和塑性各向异性的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(8): 134-141.
[2] 吴红亚, 杨云, 张光磊, 白洋, 周济. 双曲超材料及其传感器研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(6): 34-42.
[3] 赵泽军, 卢学鹏, 刘帅, 息剑峰, 李宝河. MgO/Pd底层对CoSiB/Pd多层膜垂直磁各向异性及热稳定性的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(2): 65-70.
[4] 丰涵, 王宝顺, 吴晓涵, 王曼, 佴启亮, 宋志刚. 022Cr25Ni7Mo4N双相不锈钢等温处理中的组织演变[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(1): 70-76.
[5] 刘承林, 苏海军, 张军, 刘林, 傅恒志. 静磁场对定向凝固镍基高温合金组织影响的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(9): 13-20.
[6] 童邵辉, 李东, 邓增辉, 方虎. 电子束快速成形TC4合金的组织与断裂性能[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(1): 125-130.
[7] 丁智平, 黄达勇, 荣继刚, 黄友剑, 曾家兴. 长玻纤增强复合材料注塑成型构件强度分析[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(4): 111-119.
[8] 闫晓玲, 曹勇, 董世运. 激光熔覆再制造涂层应力超声无损评价[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(10): 96-103.
[9] 卢玉章, 熊英, 彭建强, 申健, 郑伟, 张功, 谢光. 重型燃机定向结晶空心叶片凝固过程的实验与模拟[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(1): 8-15.
[10] 张显峰, 陆政, 高文理, 曹亚雷, 冯朝辉. 2A66铝锂合金板材各向异性研究[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(7): 7-12.
[11] 潘晖, 赵海生. 镍基钎料钎焊K465高温合金大间隙接头组织与性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(5): 86-93.
[12] 王天佑, 王小蒙, 赵子华, 张峥. 热等静压及恢复热处理工艺对DZ125蠕变损伤的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2017, 45(2): 88-95.
[13] 马洛宁, 王天佑, 张峥. 短时氧化对定向凝固高温合金不同取向腐蚀性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(7): 78-87.
[14] 赵吉宾, 王志国, 赵宇辉, 龙雨, 王福雨, 来佑彬. 真空热处理对激光近净成形In625和C-276合金性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(3): 28-34.
[15] 卢玉章, 申健, 郑伟, 徐正国, 张功, 谢光. 单晶铸件凝固过程工艺优化的数值模拟[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(11): 1-8.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015《材料工程》编辑部
地址:北京81信箱44分箱 邮政编码: 100095
电话:010-62496276 E-mail:matereng@biam.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn