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材料工程  2019, Vol. 47 Issue (3): 30-41    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001563
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设计稳定和可逆的锂-空气电池阴极催化剂的研究进展
胡安俊, 龙剑平, 舒朝著
成都理工大学 材料与化学化工学院, 成都 610059
Research progress on designing stable and reversible cathodes catalysts for lithium-air batteries
HU An-jun, LONG Jian-ping, SHU Chao-zhu
College of Materials and Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
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摘要 锂-空气电池具有极高的理论能量密度,成为下一代最有希望的电化学能量储存技术之一。锂-空气电池的性能主要取决于空气阴极表面发生的电化学反应,因此,合理设计具有高稳定性和可逆性的阴极是实现商业化可行的锂-空气电池的关键所在。然而,传统碳基电极的不稳定性导致的副反应会限制电池容量及其循环性能,因此,需要寻找能够替代碳基电极的新型电极。本文首先结合锂-空气电池的结构和阴极反应原理,提出了目前锂-空气电池面临的挑战,然后基于碳基阴极的不稳定性分析总结了设计稳定和可逆的锂-空气电池阴极的方法,最后提出了阴极催化剂的合理设计和催化机理的深入理解对锂-空气电池阴极的性能改善起着决定性作用的观点。
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胡安俊
龙剑平
舒朝著
关键词 锂-空气电池阴极催化剂化学稳定性可逆性碳的表面改性无碳阴极    
Abstract:Lithium-air batteries(LABs) are among the most promising electrochemical energy storage technologies in the future due to extremely high theoretical energy density. The performance of LABs is mainly governed by the electrochemical reactions that occur on the surface of the cathode. Therefore, the rational design of a cathode with high stability and reversibility is the key to commercially viable LABs. However, the side reactions are caused by the instability of traditional carbon-based electrodes can limit capacity and cycle performance of LABs, therefore, alternative carbon-based electrode materials are required. Based on the structure and the principle of cathode reaction of LABs, the current challenges of LABs were presented. Then based on the analysis of the instability of carbon-based cathode, the design of a stable and reversible cathode for LABs was summarized. Finally, a perspective that the rational design of the cathode catalyst and the in-depth understanding of the catalytic mechanism play a decisive role in the performance improvement of LABS was provided.
Key wordslithium-air battery    cathode catalyst    chemical stability    reversibility    surface modification of carbon    carbon-free cathode
收稿日期: 2017-12-18      出版日期: 2019-03-12
中图分类号:  TM911.41  
通讯作者: 龙剑平(1973-),男,教授,博士,研究方向为复合材料、新能源材料等,联系地址:四川省成都市成华区二仙桥东三路1号成都理工大学(610059),E-mail:longjianping@cdut.cn     E-mail: longjianping@cdut.cn
引用本文:   
胡安俊, 龙剑平, 舒朝著. 设计稳定和可逆的锂-空气电池阴极催化剂的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(3): 30-41.
HU An-jun, LONG Jian-ping, SHU Chao-zhu. Research progress on designing stable and reversible cathodes catalysts for lithium-air batteries. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(3): 30-41.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2017.001563      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V47/I3/30
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