High temperature tribological properties of laser cladding in-situ carbide reinforced self-lubricating wear resistant composite coating
WANG Yong-gang1, LIU He-jian1, HUI Li2, ZHI Shan-jie1, LIU Hai-qing1
1. Applied Technology College of Soochow University, Suzhou 215325, Jiangsu, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for National Defense of Aeronautical Digital Manufacturing Process, Shenyang Aerospace University, Shenyang 110136, China
Abstract：The NiCrBSi-Ti3SiC2-CaF2-WC self-lubricating anti-wear composite coating was fabricated on TC11 alloy substrate by laser cladding. The phase compositions and microstructure were invest-igated by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS). Microhardness was measured with a microhardness tester. Tribological proper-ties of the fabricated composite coatings were evaluated under dry sliding condition at room-temper-ature (25℃), 300℃ and 600℃, and the wear mechanism was analyzed. The results show that the mi-crostructure of the composite coatings consists of γ-Ni eutectic phase, M23C6,TiC, (Ti,W)C,Ti5Si3 hard phase and some Ti3SiC2,CaF2,TiF3 lubricating phase. The microhardness of laser cladding layer is improved greatly. The average microhardness of the laser cladding coating is 863.63HV0.2, which is 2.46 times of the matrix. The friction coefficient and wear rate are lower than that of the substrate. The lowest friction coefficient and wear rate are 0.275 and 4.8×10-5mm3·N-1·m-1 at 300℃, respectively.
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