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材料工程  2019, Vol. 47 Issue (2): 11-25    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.000450
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锂离子电池硅基负极界面反应的研究进展
常增花1,2, 王建涛1,2, 李文进1,2, 武兆辉2, 卢世刚1,2
1. 北京有色金属研究总院, 北京 100088;
2. 国联汽车动力电池研究院有限责任公司, 北京 100088
Research progress on interface reaction of silicon-based anode for lithium-ion battery
CHANG Zeng-hua1,2, WANG Jian-tao1,2, LI Wen-jin1,2, WU Zhao-hui2, LU Shi-gang1,2
1. General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals, Beijing 100088, China;
2. China Automotive Battery Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 100088, China
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摘要 硅作为一种极具潜力的锂离子电池负极材料,已引起研究者的广泛关注。然而硅材料储锂过程中伴随着巨大的体积变化,导致电极/电解液界面不稳定,是限制硅电极商业化的主要因素之一。深入了解硅负极的界面反应机理,有助于改善硅负极的界面性质,进而提高硅负极的电化学性能。本文综述了硅负极界面反应的演化机制,包括Li-Si合金化过程、硅表面氧化硅的反应和表面纯化膜的形成,并讨论了其对硅电化学性能的影响。
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常增花
王建涛
李文进
武兆辉
卢世刚
关键词 锂离子电池硅负极Li-Si合金化氧化硅钝化膜    
Abstract:As an attractive candidate for anode materials, silicon has attracted extensive attention. The instability of electrode/electrolyte interphase due to the inherent volume variation upon (de)lithiation is one of the major factors that limit the commercialization of Si materials. The in-depth understanding of the interface reaction of Si is helpful to modify the interface properties of Si, and further improve the electrochemical performance. This review summarizes the research on the interface reaction mechanism of Si during (de)lithiation process, including Li-Si alloying process, the reactions of primary oxide layer and the formation of passivation film on the Si surface. Moreover, the effect of the three processes on the Si electrochemical performance are also discussed.
Key wordslithium ion battery    silicon cathode    Li-Si alloying    SiOx    passive film
收稿日期: 2018-04-22      出版日期: 2019-02-21
中图分类号:  O613.7  
  O646.21  
  TM912.6  
通讯作者: 卢世刚(1968-),男,教授,博士,主要从事锂离子电池相关研究,联系地址:北京市西城区新街口外大街2号北京有色金属研究总院(100088),E-mail:lusg8867@163.com     E-mail: lusg8867@163.com
引用本文:   
常增花, 王建涛, 李文进, 武兆辉, 卢世刚. 锂离子电池硅基负极界面反应的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(2): 11-25.
CHANG Zeng-hua, WANG Jian-tao, LI Wen-jin, WU Zhao-hui, LU Shi-gang. Research progress on interface reaction of silicon-based anode for lithium-ion battery. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47(2): 11-25.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.000450      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V47/I2/11
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