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材料工程  2020, Vol. 48 Issue (7): 93-102    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.001179
  综述 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
张波波1,2, 张文娟1, 杜雪岩1,2, 王有良3
1. 兰州理工大学 省部共建有色金属先进加工与再利用国家重点实验室, 兰州 730050;
2. 兰州理工大学 材料科学与工程学院, 兰州 730050;
3. 兰州理工大学 机电工程学院, 兰州 730050
Research progress in adsorption of heavy metal ions in wastewater by iron-based magnetic nanomaterial
ZHANG Bo-bo1,2, ZHANG Wen-juan1, DU Xue-yan1,2, WANG You-liang3
1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Nonferrous Metals, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China;
3. School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
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摘要 磁性纳米材料具有较高的生物相容性、良好的吸附性能、易于固液分离等特点,在水处理方面越来越受到关注。本文主要综述铁基磁性纳米颗粒的分类、常见形态、功能化方法、铁基磁性纳米颗粒和功能化铁基磁性纳米复合材料吸附废水中重金属离子的研究进展,讨论不同铁基磁性纳米粒子的功能化机理及其在重金属离子吸附过程中的吸附机理,分析铁基磁性纳米材料在重金属离子吸附应用中易团聚、氧化、稳定性差等问题,并展望功能化对铁基磁性纳米颗粒吸附废水中重金属离子的发展前景,为重金属废水的吸附提供更加充足的理论依据。
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关键词 磁性纳米粒子功能化吸附剂重金属复合材料    
Abstract:Magnetic nanomaterial has been widely used in water treatment due to its high biocompatibility, good adsorption performance, and easy solid-liquid separation. In this paper,the classification, common form, and functional methods of iron-based magnetic nanocomposites as adsorbents to remove heavy metal ions were summarized. The functional principle of iron-based magnetic nanoparticles and the adsorption mechanism of these materials in adsorption process were discussed. In addition, the unsolved problems, include the agglomeration, oxidation, and unstability of iron-based magnetic nanomaterial applied in wastewater treatment were analyzed. Finally, the functionalization on the iron-based magnetic nanomaterial for the removal of heavy metal ions was prospected, which provides more adequate theoretical basis for heavy metal ions in wastewater treatment.
Key wordsmagnetic nanoparticle    functionalization    adsorbent    heavy metal    composite material
收稿日期: 2018-09-18      出版日期: 2020-07-21
中图分类号:  O643.36+4  
通讯作者: 张文娟(1986-),女,研究员,博士,主要从事磁性材料及多孔材料应用研究工作,联系地址:甘肃省兰州市七里河区兰工坪路287号兰州理工大学校本部(730050),     E-mail:
张波波, 张文娟, 杜雪岩, 王有良. 铁基磁性纳米材料吸附废水中重金属离子研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(7): 93-102.
ZHANG Bo-bo, ZHANG Wen-juan, DU Xue-yan, WANG You-liang. Research progress in adsorption of heavy metal ions in wastewater by iron-based magnetic nanomaterial. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2020, 48(7): 93-102.
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