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材料工程  2020, Vol. 48 Issue (9): 47-58    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2019.000721
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高比能超级电容器:电极材料、电解质和能量密度限制原理
郑俊生1,2, 秦楠1,2, 郭鑫1,2, 金黎明1,2, Zheng Jim P2,3
1. 同济大学 新能源汽车工程中心, 上海 201804;
2. 同济大学 汽车学院, 上海 201804;
3. 佛罗里达州立大学, 佛罗里达 32310
High energy density supercapacitors: electrode material,electrolyte and energy density limitation principle
ZHENG Jun-sheng1,2, QIN Nan1,2, GUO Xin1,2, JIN Li-ming1,2, P Zheng2,3
1. Clean Energy Automotive Engineering Center, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China;
2. School of Automotive Studies, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China;
3. Florida State University, Florida 32310, USA
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摘要 超级电容器是一种功率型储能器件,具有高功率密度和长循环寿命等优点。但是其能量密度很低,这限制了更宽范围的应用。本文首先介绍目前超级电容器工作原理,归纳总结了电极材料应具有的特点以及目前研究进展,然后总结了水系、有机系和离子液体电解质的特点及相关进展。最后指出了超级电容器能量密度限制原因和影响因素,并且从电极材料、电解质以及超级电容器结构三个方面出发,分析讨论超级电容器能量密度的提升措施。
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关键词 超级电容器能量密度限制原理提升方法    
Abstract:Supercapacitors are power-type energy storage devices with high power density and long cycle life. However, the low energy density limits wider applications. In this paper, the working principle of supercapacitors was first introduced, and the characteristics of electrode materials needed and current progress were summarized. Then, the characteristics and related progress of aqueous, organic and ionic liquid electrolytes were introduced. Finally, the principle and the factors of energy density limitation of supercapacitors were pointed out, and the improvement methods were discussed from the aspects of electrode materials, electrolytes and the structure of supercapacitors, respectively.
Key wordssupercapacitor    energy density    limitation principle    improvement method
收稿日期: 2019-08-01      出版日期: 2020-09-17
中图分类号:  O646  
通讯作者: 郑俊生(1979-),男,副研究员,博士,研究方向为车用新能源,联系地址:上海市嘉定区安亭镇曹安公路4800号同济大学新能源工程中心411室(201804),E-mail:jszheng@tongji.edu.cn     E-mail: jszheng@tongji.edu.cn
引用本文:   
郑俊生, 秦楠, 郭鑫, 金黎明, Zheng Jim P. 高比能超级电容器:电极材料、电解质和能量密度限制原理[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(9): 47-58.
ZHENG Jun-sheng, QIN Nan, GUO Xin, JIN Li-ming, P Zheng. High energy density supercapacitors: electrode material,electrolyte and energy density limitation principle. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2020, 48(9): 47-58.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2019.000721      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V48/I9/47
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