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材料工程  2020, Vol. 48 Issue (10): 48-59    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2020.000440
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民用航空发动机树脂基复合材料应用进展
马绪强, 苏正涛
中国航发北京航空材料研究院 减振降噪材料及应用航空科技重点实验室, 北京 100095
Application progress of polymer matrix composites in civil turbofan aeroengine
MA Xu-qiang, SU Zheng-tao
Aviation Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Materials and Application Research for Vibration and Noise Reduction, AECC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, Beijing 100095, China
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摘要 树脂基复合材料因其比强度比刚度高、可设计性好、阻尼减振性能优异、易于整体化成型等优点已成为新型航空发动机重要的结构材料。本文选取风扇叶片、包容机匣、声衬和衬套等典型航空发动机部件,介绍了树脂基复合材料在国外民用航空发动机的应用状况。之后论述了树脂基复合材料在航空发动机结构优化、经济性、环保性等方面的优势。基于微纳材料混杂技术、3D打印技术和超材料技术分析了航空发动机树脂基复合材料发展的新趋势。最后从"设计-材料-工艺-评价"角度就未来树脂基复合材料在我国民用航空发动机应用发展提出了一些思考。
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马绪强
苏正涛
关键词 树脂基复合材料航空发动机风扇叶片韧性3D打印超材料    
Abstract:Polymer matrix composites (PMCs) have become one of the most important structure materials in the new generation of civil turbofan aeroengine due to their advantages of high specific strength, high specific stiffness, good designability, excellent vibration damping performance and feasible integrity fabrication. The PMCs application in aeroengine abroad based on fan blade, fan casing, acoustic liner and bushing was introduced firstly in this paper. The advantages of PMCs in structure optimization, economy and environmental friendliness were also illustrated. Moreover, new progress of PMCs including micro/nano material hybridization, 3D printing process and metamaterials in aeroengine was analyzed in details. Finally, some suggestions about PMCs application based on the relationship of "design-material-process-evaluation" were proposed for further development of civil turbofan aero engine in China.
Key wordspolymer matrix composite    aeroengine    fan blade    toughness    3D printing    metamaterial
收稿日期: 2020-06-08      出版日期: 2020-10-17
中图分类号:  TB332  
通讯作者: 马绪强(1986-),男,高级工程师,博士,研究方向为树脂基复合材料制备及应用,联系地址:北京81信箱70分箱(100095),E-mail:mxqqdu@126.com     E-mail: mxqqdu@126.com
引用本文:   
马绪强, 苏正涛. 民用航空发动机树脂基复合材料应用进展[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(10): 48-59.
MA Xu-qiang, SU Zheng-tao. Application progress of polymer matrix composites in civil turbofan aeroengine. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2020, 48(10): 48-59.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2020.000440      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V48/I10/48
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