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2222材料工程  2021, Vol. 49 Issue (9): 14-26    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2021.000097
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二维材料MXene在水处理领域的应用
张文娟1, 寇苗2
1. 兰州理工大学 省部共建有色金属先进加工与再利用国家重点实验室, 兰州 730050;
2. 兰州理工大学 材料科学与工程学院, 兰州 730050
Applications of two dimensional material MXene in water treatment
ZHANG Wen-juan1, KOU Miao2
1. State Key Laboratory for Advanced Processing and Recycling of Non-ferrous Metals, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China;
2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China
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摘要 MXene是一类新兴二维(2D)结构的过渡金属碳/氮化物材料,具有独特的层状结构、亲水性、高导电性和催化活性等特点,在水处理领域受到越来越多的关注。首先介绍了MXene及其合成方法,综述了MXene在吸附、光催化和膜分离等方面的应用。其次讨论了MXene的结构调控、表面改性以及复合等对MXene吸附性能的影响机制和有效异质结的形成、活性晶面的暴露以及贵金属沉积等对MXene基光催化剂催化性能的影响机制;详述了构建高效分离污染物、淡化海水的MXene基分离膜的方法。最后归纳并分析了目前MXene在水处理领域应用中存在的问题,对如何设计性能优异的MXene基水处理材料提出了展望。
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张文娟
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关键词 吸附光催化膜分离水处理    
Abstract:MXene,very recently emerging family of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides and/or nitrides,have attracted a wide range of attention due to unique layered structure,hydrophilicity,high conductivity and catalytic activity.First,synthesis and various applications of MXene in adsorption,photocatalysis and membrane separation were summarized in this review.Then,the effects of structure control,surface modification and composite of MXene on the adsorption performance of MXene and the formation of effective heterojunction,the exposure of active crystal face and the deposition of precious metals on the catalytic performance of MXene based photocatalysts were discussed.The approaches of constructing MXene based separation membrane for separating pollutants and desalinating seawater were described in detail.Finally,the existing problems in the applications of MXene in the field of water treatment were summarized and analyzed,and the prospects of designing MXene based water treatment materials with excellent performance were put forward.
Key wordsadsorption    photocatalysis    membrane separation    water treatment
收稿日期: 2021-02-01      出版日期: 2021-09-17
中图分类号:  TQ174  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金(51703088);甘肃省高等学校科研项目(2017A-010);兰州理工大学红柳青年基金(061805);2018年高分子材料重点实验室开放基金项目(KF-18-03);博士科研启动基金(061602)
通讯作者: 张文娟(1986-),女,副研究员,博士,主要从事磁性材料及多孔材料应用研究工作,联系地址:甘肃省兰州市七里河区兰工坪路287号兰州理工大学校本部(730050),E-mail:wenjuanzhang86@163.com     E-mail: wenjuanzhang86@163.com
引用本文:   
张文娟, 寇苗. 二维材料MXene在水处理领域的应用[J]. 材料工程, 2021, 49(9): 14-26.
ZHANG Wen-juan, KOU Miao. Applications of two dimensional material MXene in water treatment. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2021, 49(9): 14-26.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2021.000097      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2021/V49/I9/14
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