1 Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Materials Surface/Interface Science & Technology, Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha 410004, China 2 Key Laboratory of Green Fabrication and Surface Technology of Advanced Metal Materials, Ministry of Education, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002, Anhui, China 3 Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Engineering Rheology, Central South University of Forestry & Technology, Changsha 410004, China
In most cases, friction and wear are not conducive to mechanical equipment. As a large country in machinery manufacturing, reducing friction and wear is of great significance to industrial progress and sustainable development. Ceramic-based composite coating is one of the common systems in industrial applications. It uses ceramic materials as the matrix and dopes with lubricating materials as the second phase. On the one hand, it inherits the excellent high temperature stability and strength of the ceramic phases; on the other hand, it improves the lubricating performance in the common friction environment. Therefore, it is widely used in ships, aerospace, biotechnology and high speed trains, etc., and it has received extensive attention and exploration by researchers. Ceramic-based high-temperature self-lubricating composite coatings were focused on in this paper. First, the basic classification of coatings and solid lubricating materials were explained. Then the present researches progress was reviewed, meanwhile, the influence of process parameters on the performance of ceramic-based high-temperature self-lubricating coatings and improvement methods were focused on. Hence the key factors for improving the surface tribological properties of ceramic-based high-temperature self-lubricating composite coatings were summarized, and the feasibility or research potential of improving the friction reducing and wear-resistant performance was discussed. Finally, the current shortcomings of ceramic-based high-temperature self-lubricating composite coatings were summarized in two points: (1) the phase analysis of composite coatings is still focusing on the phenomenon, and without complete theoretical basis; (2) the methods for improving the structure and tribological properties of composite coatings under different preparation processes are relatively simple. Therefore, the corresponding solutions and possible development orientation were proposed preliminarily: (1) further explore the synergistic mechanisms between the ceramic-based and different lubricating phases, additional components, high temperature environment, and establish the theoretical basis of the system; (2) for the different forming mechanisms of preparation processes, the influence of the synergistic effect of process parameters on the microstructure of the composite coating needed to be focused on, expanding the improvement method of the preparation process.
LIU N Q , WU X D , WEI S Z , et al. Preparation method of ceramic composite coating[J]. Modern Manufacturing Technology Equipment, 2016, (6): 108- 109.
WU G , XU C , XIAO G , et al. An advanced self-lubricating ceramic composite with the addition of core-shell structured h-BN@ Ni powders[J]. International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 2018, 72, 276- 285.
CHEN J , SUN Q , CHEN W , et al. High-temperature tribological behaviors of ZrO2/h-BN/SiC composite under air and vacuum environments[J]. Tribology International, 2021, 154, 106748.
ROSENKRANZ A , COSTA H L , BAYKARA M Z , et al. Synergetic effects of surface texturing and solid lubricants to tailor friction and wear-a review[J]. Tribology International, 2021, 155, 106792.
ZHU S , CHENG J , QIAO Z , et al. High temperature solid-lubricating materials: a review[J]. Tribology International, 2019, 133, 206- 223.
XING H , LIU B , SUN J , et al. Mechanical properties of Si3N4 ceramics from an in-situ synthesized α-Si3N4/β-Si3N4 composite powder[J]. Ceramics International, 2017, 43 (2): 2150- 2154.
DEMIRSKYI D , BORODIANSKA H , SAKKA Y , et al. Ultra-high elevated temperature strength of TiB2-based ceramics consolidated by spark plasma sintering[J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2017, 37 (1): 393- 397.
CHEN Z , GUO N , JI L , et al. Synthesis of CaF2 nanoparticles coated by SiO2 for improved Al2O3/TiC self-lubricating ceramic composites[J]. Nanomaterials, 2019, 9 (11): 1522.
LIU Q M , HUANG S Z , HE A J . Application requirements and challenges of CMC-SiC composites on aero-engine[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2019, 47 (2): 1- 10.
FU J , LI M , LIU G , et al. Robust ceramic based self-lubricating coating on Al-Si alloys prepared via PEO and spin-coating methods[J]. Wear, 2020, 458, 203405.
KUMAR R , BANGA H K , SINGH H , et al. An outline on modern day applications of solid lubricants[J]. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020, 28, 1962- 1967.
LI X , ZHANG C H , ZHANG S , et al. Manufacturing of Ti3SiC2 lubricated Co-based alloy coatings using laser cladding technology[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2019, 114, 209- 215.
YUAN X J , GUAN N , HOU G L , et al. Research progress on the preparation and reliability of high-temperature solid self-lubricating coatings[J]. Materials Reports, 2020, 34 (5): 5061- 5067.
KOVALCIKOVA A , HÚLAN M , SEDLÁK R , et al. Thermal shock resistance of Si3N4/hBN ceramic composites[J]. Key Engineering Materials, 2018, 784, 73- 78.
WU H Y , YE Y M , LU H Q , et al. Tribological behavior of laser thermal sprayed Cr3C2-NiCr+ 10% Ni/MoS2composite coating on H13 hot work mould steel[J]. Materials Research Express, 2020, 7 (1): 016599.
WANG D , LIU X , ZHANG Q , et al. Investigation on the corrosion resistance of the CuO-Al2O3 composite coating prepared by micro-arc oxidation[J]. Materials Letters, 2021, 288, 129396.
WANG J Z , JIANG S W , ZHU X P . Research progress of self-lubricating composite coatings added with WS2/MoS2 solid lubricants[J]. Materials Reports, 2019, 33 (17): 2868- 2872.
MENG X J , LIU H Q , LIU X B , et al. Application of solid lubricants in laser cladding[J]. Applied Laser, 2020, 40 (3): 539- 546.
TORRES H , RODRÍGUEZ R M , PRAJASH B . Tribological behaviour of self-lubricating materials at high temperatures[J]. International Materials Reviews, 2018, 63 (5): 309- 340.
NIU Y P , WANG L , DU S M , et al. Study on the tribological properties of PTFE nanocomposites at different temperatures[J]. Plastics Industry, 2011, 39 (7): 83- 86.
SLINEY H E . The use of silver in self-lubricating coatings for extreme temperatures[J]. Tribology Transactions, 1986, 29 (3): 370- 376.
CHEN J M , HOU G L , CHEN J , et al. Composition versus friction and wear behavior of plasma sprayed WC-(W, Cr)2C-Ni/Ag/BaF2-CaF2 self-lubricating composite coatings for use up to 600 ℃[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2012, 261, 584- 592.
YUAN J , ZHU Y , ZHENG X , et al. Fabrication and evaluation of atmospheric plasma spraying WC-Co-Cu-MoS2 composite coatings[J]. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 2011, 509 (5): 2576- 2581.
ZHU L , XUE P , LAN Q , et al. Recent research and development status of laser cladding: a review[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2021, 138, 106915.
SUN S , MA Z , LIU Y , et al. Ablation mechanism and properties of SiO2 modified ZrB2-SiC coatings fabricated on C/C composites via plasma spraying technology[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2020, 381, 125132.
MANAWI Y M , SAMARA A , Al-ANSARI T , et al. A review of carbon nanomaterials' synthesis via the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method[J]. Materials, 2018, 11 (5): 822.
VUCHKOV T , YAQUB T B , EVARISTO M , et al. Synthesis, microstructural and mechanical properties of self-lubricating Mo-Se-C coatings deposited by closed-field unbalanced magnetron sputtering[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2020, 394, 125889.
GAO Q , YAN H , QIN Y , et al. Laser cladding Ti-Ni/TiN/TiW+ TiS/WS2 self-lubricating wear resistant composite coating on Ti-6Al-4V alloy[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2019, 113, 182- 191.
ZHU R , ZHANG P , YU Z , et al. Microstructure and wide temperature range self-lubricating properties of laser cladding NiCrAlY/Ag2O/Ta2O5 composite coating[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2020, 383, 125248.
YAN H , LIU K , ZHANG P , et al. Fabrication and tribological behaviors of Ti3SiC2/Ti5Si3/TiC/Ni-based composite coatings by laser cladding for self-lubricating applications[J]. Optics & Laser Technology, 2020, 126, 106077.
ZHANG L , ZHAO Z , BAI P , et al. In-situ synthesis of TiC/graphene/Ti6Al4V composite coating by laser cladding[J]. Materials Letters, 2020, 270, 127711.
LIU X B , ZHENG C , LIU Y F , et al. A comparative study of laser cladding high temperature wear-resistant composite coating with the addition of self-lubricating WS2 and WS2/(Ni-P) encapsulation[J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2013, 213 (1): 51- 58.
WANG F , LI C , SUN S , et al. Al2O3/TiO2-Ni-WC composite coatings designed for enhanced wear performance by laser cladding under high-frequency micro-vibration[J]. JOM, 2020, 72 (11): 4060- 4068.
LI C , LI S , ZENG M , et al. Effect of high-frequency micro-vibration on microstructure and properties of laser cladding aluminum coatings[J]. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2019, 103 (1): 1633- 1642.
LIU H Q , LIU X B , MENG X J , et al. Crack formation mechanism and controlling methods of laser clad ceramic matrix composite coatings on metal substrate[J]. Materials Reports, 2013, 27 (11): 60- 63.
WANG R , WANG Y L , JIANG F L , et al. Research status of ceramic coatings prepared by laser cladding[J]. Journal of Qingdao University of Technology, 2020, 41 (6): 81- 87.
ZHOU D , GUILLON O , VAßEN R . Development of YSZ thermal barrier coatings using axial suspension plasma spraying[J]. Coatings, 2017, 7 (8): 120.
YANG K , RONG J , FENG J , et al. Excellent wear resistance of plasma-sprayed amorphous Al2O3-Y3Al5O12 ceramic coating[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2017, 326, 96- 102.
CHEN L , YANG G J , LI C X , et al. Hierarchical formation of intrasplat cracks in thermal spray ceramic coatings[J]. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 2016, 25 (5): 959- 970.
LI Q , SONG P , HE X , et al. Plastic metallic-barrier layer for crack propagation within plasma-sprayed Cu/ceramic coatings[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2019, 360, 259- 268.
QIU Z. Preparation and tribological properties of Ti(C, N)-based self-lubricating coating[D]. Harbin: Harbin Engineering University, 2019.
LI S , ZHAO X , AN Y , et al. YSZ/MoS2 self-lubricating coating fabricated by thermal spraying and hydrothermal reaction[J]. Ceramics International, 2018, 44 (15): 17864- 17872.
ZHAO D , LI S , ZHAO X , et al. Preparation and vacuum tribological properties of composite coatings fabricated by effective introduction of soft metal Ag into spray-formed YSZ templates[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2020, 518, 146176.
LI Y , WU Y , WANG W , et al. Microstructure and mechanical properties of the Ni-B-Ti composite coating on TA2 prepared by pre-plating and laser remelting[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2021, 405, 126567.
WANG X , LIN Z , BIN S , et al. Effects of deposition parameters on HFCVD diamond films growth on inner hole surfaces of WC-Co substrates[J]. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 2015, 25 (3): 791- 802.
YANG G Y , LI G D , XIONG X , et al. The influence of temperature on the formation of Ti3SiC2 in Ti-Si-C coating prepared by CVD[J]. Materials Science and Engineering of Powder Metallurgy, 2014, 19 (5): 797- 804.
TU C , HUANG Q , XIONG X , et al. Wear behavior of SiC/PyC composite materials prepared by electromagnetic-field-assisted CVI[J]. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 2015, 25 (3): 856- 862.
ZHANG Y S , ZHOU H , WAN Z H , et al. The influence of target power on the structure and properties of MoS2-Sb2O3 composite films prepared by radio frequency magnetron sputtering[J]. Lubrication Engineering, 2011, 36 (7): 70- 74.
BOBZIN K , BRÖGELMANN T , KRUPPE N C , et al. Tribological studies on self-lubricating (Cr, Al) N+ Mo: S coatings at elevated temperature[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2018, 353, 282- 291.
BAKHIT B , PETROV I , GREENE J E , et al. Controlling the B/Ti ratio of TiBx thin films grown by high-power impulse magnetron sputtering[J]. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 2018, 36 (3): 030604.
MOHAMMADTAHERI M , YANG Q , LI Y , et al. The effect of deposition parameters on the structure and mechanical properties of chromium oxide coatings deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering[J]. Coatings, 2018, 8 (3): 111.
GRIGORE E , RUSET C , LUCULESCU C . The structure and properties of VN-VCN-VC coatings deposited by a high energy ion assisted magnetron sputtering method[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2011, 205, 29- 32.
CONTRERAS E , GALINDEZ Y , RODAS M A , et al. CrVN/TiN nanoscale multilayer coatings deposited by DC unbalanced magnetron sputtering[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2017, 332, 214- 222.
WANG Y , LEE J W , DUH J G . Mechanical strengthening in self-lubricating CrAlN/VN multilayer coatings for improved high-temperature tribological characteristics[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2016, 303, 12- 17.
WANG E Q , LI M L , ZHU P , et al. The effect of deposition temperature on the structure and properties of V-Al-Si-N hard coatings prepared by magnetron sputtering[J]. Chinese Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, 2015, (8): 1005- 1010.
SIDELEV D V , KRIVOBOKOV V P . Angular thickness distribution and target utilization for hot Ni target magnetron sputtering[J]. Vacuum, 2019, 160, 418- 420.
MI Q, HANG L X, GUO Z D, et al. Magnetic confinement magnetron sputtering method and magnetron sputtering device prepared by the method: CN10134897[P]. 2009-01-21.
BLAU P J , YUST C S . Microfriction studies of model self-lubricating surfaces[J]. Surface and Coatings Technology, 1993, 62 (1): 380- 387.
WU Y X , WANG F X , CHENG Y Q , et al. A study of the optimization mechanism of solid lubricant concentration in self-lubricating composite[J]. Wear, 1997, 205 (1/2): 64- 70.
ARCHARD J F . Contact and rubbing of flat surfaces[J]. Journal of Applied Physics, 1953, 24 (8): 981- 988.
CHEN J , ZHOU H D , ZHAO X Q , et al. Microstructural characterization and tribological behavior of HVOF sprayed NiMoAl coating from 20 ℃ to 800 ℃[J]. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 2015, 24 (3): 348- 356.
XIAO B , LIU J , LIU F , et al. Effects of microstructure evolution on the oxidation behavior and high-temperature tribological properties of AlCrN/TiAlSiN multilayer coatings[J]. Ceramics International, 2018, 44 (18): 23150- 23161.
SAHOO C K , MASANTA M . Microstructure and tribological behaviour of TiC-Ni-CaF2 composite coating produced by TIG cladding process[J]. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2017, 243, 229- 245.
BONDAREY A V , GOLIZADEH M , SHVYNDINA N V , et al. Microstructure, mechanical, and tribological properties of Ag-free and Ag-doped VCN coatings[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2017, 331, 77- 84.
LEI A L , LI G H , FENG L J , et al. Microstructure and wear resistance analysis of plasma sprayed Cu-Al2O3 gradient coating[J]. Transactions of the China Welding Institution, 2008, (5): 65- 68.
FAN H , SU Y , SONG J , et al. Design of "double layer" texture to obtain superhydrophobic and high wear-resistant PTFE coatings on the surface of Al2O3/Ni layered ceramics[J]. Tribology International, 2019, 136, 455- 461.
HUANG C B , DU L Z , ZHANG W G , et al. Structure and properties of NiCr/Cr3C2-BaF2·CaF2 coatings prepared by three thermal spraying processes[J]. Journal of Aeronautical Materials, 2009, 29 (6): 70- 76.
HAN T , XIAO M , ZHANG Y , et al. Laser cladding Ni-Ti-Cr alloy coatings with different process parameters[J]. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 2019, 34 (15): 1710- 1718.
FAUCHAIS P , VARDELLE M , GOUTIER S . Latest researches advances of plasma spraying: from splat to coating formation[J]. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 2016, 25 (8): 1534- 1553.
NYUTU E K , SUIB S L . Experimental design in the deposition of BN interface coatings on SiC fibers by chemical vapor deposition[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2006, 201 (6): 2741- 2748.
SCHMIDT S , HÖGLUND C , JENSEN J , et al. Low-temperature growth of boron carbide coatings by direct current magnetron sputtering and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering[J]. Journal of Materials Science, 2016, 51 (23): 10418- 10428.