The additive friction stir deposition (AFSD) technology is a new solid-state additive manufacturing technology. The metal bars, powders, and wires are used as feedstock. During the additive process, the friction heat generated by the friction between feedstock and the plate and the plastic deformation heat generated by the severe deformation of feedstock form a viscoplastic deposition layer. The deposition layer is stacked layer by layer to form three-dimensional parts. Because of its solid phase characteristics, it has many advantages over fused-based metal additive technologies and has become a research hotspot in the field of additive manufacturing. In this paper, the latest research progress of AFSD technology at home and abroad was reviewed from four aspects of equipment development, microstructure evolution, material flow characteristics and mechanical properties change. The feasibility of the application of this technology in engineering practice was analyzed and the application prospect in the field of metal coating reinforcement for material repair parts of additive manufacturing was forecasted. Finally, it was pointed out that the heat generation mechanism, material flow characteristics, auxiliary optimization process, and intelligent equipment development are the future research directions.
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