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材料工程  2015, Vol. 43 Issue (5): 50-55    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.05.009
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
新型无卤膨胀/MH阻燃环氧树脂的制备及阻燃性能
卢林刚1, 陈英辉2, 程哲2, 杨守生3, 邵高耸1
1. 中国人民武装警察部队学院 科研部, 河北 廊坊 065000;
2. 中国人民武装警察部队学院 研究生队, 河北 廊坊 065000;
3. 中国人民武装警察部队学院 消防工程系, 河北 廊坊 065000
Preparation and Flame Retardancy of Intumescent/MH Flame-retardant Epoxy Resins
LU Lin-gang1, CHEN Ying-hui2, CHENG Zhe2, YANG Shou-sheng3, SHAO Gao-song1
1. Department of Science and Technology, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China;
2. Graduates Forces, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China;
3. Department of Fire Protection Engineering, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China
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摘要 通过极限氧指数(LOI)、水平垂直燃烧(UL-94)、锥形量热(cone)等方法,研究了纳米氢氧化镁(MH)添加到六(4-DOPO羟甲基苯甲酸)环三磷腈化合物(FR)、聚磷酸铵(APP)和环氧树脂(EP)后,制备的新型复合阻燃材料(FR/APP/MH/EP)的阻燃及力学性能.结果表明:在固定FR/APP比例为1/1的前提下,添加1%(质量分数)的MH时,复合阻燃材料EP2(10%FR/10%APP/1%MH/EP)的LOI值达到36.4%,其热释放速率(pk-HRR)、有效燃烧热平均值(av-EHC)、比消光面积平均值(av-SEA)、一氧化碳释放率平均值(av-CO)较纯环氧树脂(EP0)分别下降了79.8%,6.73%,47.2%,33.3%,相对于EP1(10%FR/10%APP/EP)分别下降了20.0%,69.6%,83.6%,58.6%,同时EP2的拉伸、弯曲、冲击强度较EP1也分别提高了47.6%,75.2%,196%;SEM分析表明EP2燃烧后能够形成一层均匀、致密、连续的炭层,具有良好的阻燃、抑烟、降毒效果.
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卢林刚
陈英辉
程哲
杨守生
邵高耸
关键词 膨胀阻燃剂环氧树脂纳米氢氧化镁阻燃性能    
Abstract:The flame retarding and mechanical properties of new flame retardant composites(FR/APP/MH/EP) were studied using limited oxygen index (LOI) measurement,UL-94 and cone test. The new flame retardant composites were prepared by adding nano-magnesium hydroxide(MH) into six-(4-of DOPO hydroxymethyl phenoxy) cyclotriphosphazene (FR),polyphosphate (APP) and epoxy resin(EP). The results show that when fix the FR/APP 1:1, adding 1% mass fraction MH, the limited oxygen index(LOI) value of EP2 (10%FR/10%APP/1%MH/EP) can reach 36.4%, the peak heat release rate (pk-HRR),average effective heat of combustion (av-EHC),average specific extinction area (av-SEA),average CO release rate (av-CO) of EP2 are reduced by 79.8%,6.73%,47.2%,33.3%, respectively, compared with those of pure EP (EP0) and decrease 20.0%,69.6%,83.6%,58.6%, respectively, compared with those of EP1 (10%FR/10%APP/EP),meanwhile, the tensile,bending and impact strengths of EP2 increase 47.6%, 75.2% and 196%, separately, compared with those of EP1.SEM observation reveals that EP2 forms a uniform, compact and continuous charred layers after burning, which has good flame retarding,smoke suppression and the toxic effects.
Key wordsintumescent flame retardant(IFR)    epoxy resin    nano-magnesium hydroxide    flame retardancy
收稿日期: 2013-10-17     
1:  TQ314.24  
基金资助:河北省自然科学基金资助项目(E2012507008);国家自然科学基金资助项目(21472241)
通讯作者: 卢林刚(1974—),男,教授,主要研究方向:阻燃材料及有机合成,联系地址:河北省廊坊市西昌路220号中国人民武装警察部队学院科研部(065000),llg@iccas.ac.cn     E-mail: llg@iccas.ac.cn
引用本文:   
卢林刚, 陈英辉, 程哲, 杨守生, 邵高耸. 新型无卤膨胀/MH阻燃环氧树脂的制备及阻燃性能[J]. 材料工程, 2015, 43(5): 50-55.
LU Lin-gang, CHEN Ying-hui, CHENG Zhe, YANG Shou-sheng, SHAO Gao-song. Preparation and Flame Retardancy of Intumescent/MH Flame-retardant Epoxy Resins. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2015, 43(5): 50-55.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/jme/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.05.009      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/jme/CN/Y2015/V43/I5/50
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