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2222材料工程  2018, Vol. 46 Issue (12): 38-47    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.000297
  综述 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
先进复合材料结构胶接体系的研发与应用
乔海涛1,*(), 梁滨1, 张军营2, 刘清方1, 陆松1, 赵升龙1, 张瑞秀1
1 中国航发北京航空材料研究院, 北京 100095
2 北京化工大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100029
Development and Application of Adhesive Materials for Advanced Composite Bonding
Hai-tao QIAO1,*(), Bin LIANG1, Jun-ying ZHANG2, Qing-fang LIU1, Song LU1, Sheng-long ZHAO1, Rui-xiu ZHANG1
1 AECC Beijing Institute of Aeronautical Materials, Beijing 100095, China
2 College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
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摘要 

针对我国飞机所需要的大型复合材料结构胶接体系,开展了结构胶接体系的材料研制、综合验证考核和工程化应用研究。简要介绍了部分胶黏剂的研发过程、胶接性能、工艺操作性能和批量生产的情况。传统金属结构胶黏剂在军用和民用复合材料胶接领域获得了广泛的推广应用,在氰酸酯胶膜和双马树脂胶膜研发及增韧方面取得了一定进展,聚酰亚胺胶黏剂等耐热胶黏剂的研发是将来一个重要发展方向。国内需要进一步开发各种耐温级别、化学组成的胶黏剂品种,以满足不同复合材料胶接的选材需求。

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乔海涛
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陆松
赵升龙
张瑞秀
关键词 复合材料胶接氰酸酯胶膜双马树脂胶膜增韧    
Abstract

To meet the needs of large composite bonding for aircraft, development, comprehensive experimental and application of adhesive materials have been carried out. Development process, adhesive bonding performance, operability and batch production of parts of adhesives are presented in brief. Traditional metal structural adhesives are widely applied to composite bonding for military use and civil use. We have made some progresses in development of toughened cyanate film adhesive and toughened BMI film adhesive. Development of high temperature resistant adhesives such as polyimide adhesive will be an important investigation area. All kinds of adhesives with different heat-resistant and chemical compositions need to be developed to meet adhesive selections for various composite bonding.

Key wordscomposites    adhesive bonding    cyanate film adhesive    bismalimide(BMI) film adhesive    toughening
收稿日期: 2018-03-22      出版日期: 2018-12-18
中图分类号:  TQ436+.2  
通讯作者: 乔海涛     E-mail: 15611283016@wo.cn
作者简介: 乔海涛(1971-), 男, 高级工程师, 从事胶黏剂的研发与生产工作, 联系地址:北京市81信箱9分箱(100095), E-mail:15611283016@wo.cn
引用本文:   
乔海涛, 梁滨, 张军营, 刘清方, 陆松, 赵升龙, 张瑞秀. 先进复合材料结构胶接体系的研发与应用[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(12): 38-47.
Hai-tao QIAO, Bin LIANG, Jun-ying ZHANG, Qing-fang LIU, Song LU, Sheng-long ZHAO, Rui-xiu ZHANG. Development and Application of Adhesive Materials for Advanced Composite Bonding. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2018, 46(12): 38-47.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2018.000297      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V46/I12/38
Adhesive Lap shear at 24℃/MPa Lap shear at 120℃/MPa Lap shear at 150℃/MPa Bell peel at 24℃/(kN·m-1)
FM 300-2K 38.6 26.9 15.9 6.4
FM 300K 37.9 27.6 18.6 6.2
Table 1  FM 300-2K与FM 300K的性能对比
Cure process Lap shear at 24℃/MPa Lap shear at 107℃/MPa Bell peel at 24℃/(kN·m-1) Bell peel at 107℃/(kN·m-1)
120℃ for 1.5h 42 32.1 5.3 7.6
150℃ for 1h 44.5 32.2 6 7.9
177℃ for 1h 43.2 31.4 6 8.6
Table 2  固化工艺对FM 300-2K胶膜力学性能的影响
Precured composite substrate Lap shear strength at different temperatures/MPa
24℃ 82℃ 93℃
CYCON 985 3K70P graphite/epoxy prepreg(177℃) 23.7 31.7 30.6
CYCON 1827/3781 glass/epoxy prepreg(177℃) 16.0 16.6 16.2
Table 3  120℃固化的FM 300-2K胶膜胶接预固化复合材料的力学性能
Property Test condition Requirement/MPa Result/MPa
Shear strength of composite to composite adhesive-bonded double-lap joints (-54±1)℃ ≥23.5 34.84
(24±5)℃ ≥27.6 36.19
(71±3)℃ ≥22.1 27.65
(135±3)℃ ≥6.6 16.34
(71±3)℃ & RH(90%-100%) after 14d,test at (71±3)℃ ≥22.1 38.28
(71±3)℃ & RH(90%-100%) after (1000±24)h,test at (24±3)℃ ≥20.7 33.87
Honeycomb flatwise tensile (-54±1)℃ ≥4.5 7.33
(24±5)℃ ≥4.5 5.74
(71±3)℃ ≥3.8 4.46
Sandwich beam shear (71±3)℃ & RH(90%-100%) after 14d,test at (71±3)℃ ≥23.3 7.45
Table 4  SY-14M胶黏剂Ⅲ型胶膜的复合材料胶接性能
Test item Tube shear with different test temperature/MPa
-55℃ (23±2)℃ 82℃ 121℃ 177℃
Average strength requirement ≥4.83 ≥4.14 ≥3.45 ≥2.07 ≥0.69
Test result 10.7 10.4 10.6 5.15 0.740
Table 5  SY-P6发泡胶的性能(填充密度0.68g/cm3)
Test item Tube shear with different test temperature/MPa
-55℃ (23±2)℃ 82℃ 121℃ 177℃
Average strength requirement ≥4.83 ≥4.14 ≥3.45 ≥2.07 ≥0.69
Test result 15.8 15.4 11.8 11.4 3.32
Table 6  SY-P11A发泡胶膜的性能(填充密度0.68g/cm3)
Test item Condition Requirement/MPa Test result of different batches/MPa
1# 2# 3# 4# 5#
Tensile strength -54℃ 193-255 215.9 214.3 208.2 202.9 197.4
Hot/Wet 103-138 107.7 112.9 116.1 111.2 110.5
Compressive interlaminar shear strength -54℃ 51.7-75.8 60.4 52.1 54.1 59.3 61.3
RT 51.7-68.9 54.2 58.1 56.1 56.5 53.2
Flatwise tension(CFRP) RT 6.06-7.58 6.44 7.32 6.20 7.21 6.82
Flatwise tension(GFRP) RT 4.78-6.2 4.81 4.84 5.13 5.21 5.78
Table 7  SY-81树脂5批次全面性能测试结果
Curing time Shear strength at room temperature/MPa
SY-P11A curing at 180℃ for 2h SY-P1B curing at 180℃ for 2h SY-P3B curing at 180℃ for 2h
1 9.30 16.3 8.03
2 10.80 11.3 5.67
3 9.90 10.2 6.60
Table 8  3次固化实验结果
Adhesive Test condition Sandwich beam shear/MPa
ⅡA type SY-14M film adhesive(293g/m2) 23℃ 2.99
Ⅰtype SY-14M film adhesive(390g/m2)with SY-P1B foam adhesive -55℃ 6.95
24℃ 6.75
121℃ 6.57
ⅡA type SY-14M film adhesive(293g/m2)with SY-P1B foam adhesive -55℃ 7.13
24℃ 6.90
121℃ 5.79
ⅢM type SY-14M film adhesive(159g/m2)with SY-P1B foam adhesive -55℃ 5.22
24℃ 5.05
121℃ 3.16
Table 9  樑式剪切验证实验结果
Test temperature/℃ Shear strength of 2A12 T4 alloy bonding sample tested according to HB 5164/MPa Shear strength of 2024 T3 alloy bonding sample tested according to GB 7124/MPa Shear strength of BMI CFRP bonded sample tested according to GB 7124/MPa
-55 17.4 13.3
23 21.7 15.2 12.1
175 18.3 16.5 13.8
200 24.0 16.6 15.8
250 13.8 15.2 12.4
Table 10  耐温型双马树脂胶膜的力学性能
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