Please wait a minute...
 
材料工程  2015, Vol. 43 Issue (5): 50-55    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.05.009
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
新型无卤膨胀/MH阻燃环氧树脂的制备及阻燃性能
卢林刚1, 陈英辉2, 程哲2, 杨守生3, 邵高耸1
1. 中国人民武装警察部队学院 科研部, 河北 廊坊 065000;
2. 中国人民武装警察部队学院 研究生队, 河北 廊坊 065000;
3. 中国人民武装警察部队学院 消防工程系, 河北 廊坊 065000
Preparation and Flame Retardancy of Intumescent/MH Flame-retardant Epoxy Resins
LU Lin-gang1, CHEN Ying-hui2, CHENG Zhe2, YANG Shou-sheng3, SHAO Gao-song1
1. Department of Science and Technology, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China;
2. Graduates Forces, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China;
3. Department of Fire Protection Engineering, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China
全文: PDF(1899 KB)   HTML()
输出: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 通过极限氧指数(LOI)、水平垂直燃烧(UL-94)、锥形量热(cone)等方法,研究了纳米氢氧化镁(MH)添加到六(4-DOPO羟甲基苯甲酸)环三磷腈化合物(FR)、聚磷酸铵(APP)和环氧树脂(EP)后,制备的新型复合阻燃材料(FR/APP/MH/EP)的阻燃及力学性能.结果表明:在固定FR/APP比例为1/1的前提下,添加1%(质量分数)的MH时,复合阻燃材料EP2(10%FR/10%APP/1%MH/EP)的LOI值达到36.4%,其热释放速率(pk-HRR)、有效燃烧热平均值(av-EHC)、比消光面积平均值(av-SEA)、一氧化碳释放率平均值(av-CO)较纯环氧树脂(EP0)分别下降了79.8%,6.73%,47.2%,33.3%,相对于EP1(10%FR/10%APP/EP)分别下降了20.0%,69.6%,83.6%,58.6%,同时EP2的拉伸、弯曲、冲击强度较EP1也分别提高了47.6%,75.2%,196%;SEM分析表明EP2燃烧后能够形成一层均匀、致密、连续的炭层,具有良好的阻燃、抑烟、降毒效果.
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
卢林刚
陈英辉
程哲
杨守生
邵高耸
关键词 膨胀阻燃剂环氧树脂纳米氢氧化镁阻燃性能    
Abstract:The flame retarding and mechanical properties of new flame retardant composites(FR/APP/MH/EP) were studied using limited oxygen index (LOI) measurement,UL-94 and cone test. The new flame retardant composites were prepared by adding nano-magnesium hydroxide(MH) into six-(4-of DOPO hydroxymethyl phenoxy) cyclotriphosphazene (FR),polyphosphate (APP) and epoxy resin(EP). The results show that when fix the FR/APP 1:1, adding 1% mass fraction MH, the limited oxygen index(LOI) value of EP2 (10%FR/10%APP/1%MH/EP) can reach 36.4%, the peak heat release rate (pk-HRR),average effective heat of combustion (av-EHC),average specific extinction area (av-SEA),average CO release rate (av-CO) of EP2 are reduced by 79.8%,6.73%,47.2%,33.3%, respectively, compared with those of pure EP (EP0) and decrease 20.0%,69.6%,83.6%,58.6%, respectively, compared with those of EP1 (10%FR/10%APP/EP),meanwhile, the tensile,bending and impact strengths of EP2 increase 47.6%, 75.2% and 196%, separately, compared with those of EP1.SEM observation reveals that EP2 forms a uniform, compact and continuous charred layers after burning, which has good flame retarding,smoke suppression and the toxic effects.
Key wordsintumescent flame retardant(IFR)    epoxy resin    nano-magnesium hydroxide    flame retardancy
收稿日期: 2013-10-17      出版日期: 2015-05-20
中图分类号:  TQ314.24  
基金资助:河北省自然科学基金资助项目(E2012507008);国家自然科学基金资助项目(21472241)
通讯作者: 卢林刚(1974—),男,教授,主要研究方向:阻燃材料及有机合成,联系地址:河北省廊坊市西昌路220号中国人民武装警察部队学院科研部(065000),llg@iccas.ac.cn     E-mail: llg@iccas.ac.cn
引用本文:   
卢林刚, 陈英辉, 程哲, 杨守生, 邵高耸. 新型无卤膨胀/MH阻燃环氧树脂的制备及阻燃性能[J]. 材料工程, 2015, 43(5): 50-55.
LU Lin-gang, CHEN Ying-hui, CHENG Zhe, YANG Shou-sheng, SHAO Gao-song. Preparation and Flame Retardancy of Intumescent/MH Flame-retardant Epoxy Resins. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2015, 43(5): 50-55.
链接本文:  
http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2015.05.009      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V43/I5/50
[1] 王淑波, 王利生. 磷系阻燃环氧树脂研究[J]. 化学进展, 2007, 19(1):159-164.WANG Shu-bo, WANG Li-sheng. Phosphorus-containing flame retardant epoxy resins[J]. Progress in Chemistry, 2007, 19(1):159-164.
[2] 王正洲, 王云, 胡源. 聚磷酸铵及季戊四醇膨胀型阻燃环氧树脂的阻燃性能[J]. 高分子材料科学与工程, 2009, 25(11):86-89.WANG Zheng-zhou, WANG Yun, HU Yuan. Intumescent flame retardation of epoxy resins containing ammonium polyphosphate and pentaerythritol[J]. Polymer Materials Science and Engineering, 2009, 25(11):86-89.
[3] 马志领, 卢光玉. 膨胀型阻燃剂阻燃环氧树脂的阻燃性能及其影响因素[J]. 中国塑料, 2010, 24(8):45-48.MA Zhi-ling, LU Guang-yu. Flame retardancy and influencing factors of epoxy resin flame retarded by intumescent flame retardant[J]. China Plastics, 2010, 24(8):45-48.
[4] 卢林刚, 徐晓楠, 王大为, 等. 新型无卤膨胀阻燃聚丙烯的制备及阻燃性能[J]. 复合材料学报, 2013, 30(1):83-89.LU Lin-gang, XU Xiao-nan, WANG Da-wei, et al. Preparation and flame retardancy of intumescent flame-retardant polypropylene[J]. Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2013, 30(1):83-89.
[5] XIAO Wei-dong, HE Pei-xin, HU Gao-ping, et al. Study on the flame-retardance and thermal stability of the acid anhydride-cured epoxy resin flame-retarded by triphenyl phosphate and hydrated alumina[J]. Journal Fire Sciences, 2001, 19(5):369-377.
[6] HUANG F, LIU Y Q, ZHANG X H, et al. Effect of elastomeric nanoparticles on toughness and heat resistance of epoxy resins[J]. Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 2002, 23(13):786-790.
[7] MAUERER O. New reactive, halogen-free flame retardant system for epoxy resins[J]. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2005, 88(1):70-73.
[8] WANG C S, LEE M C. Synthesis, characterization, and properties of multifunctional naphthalene-containing epoxy resins cured with cyanate ester[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 1999, 73(9):1611-1622.
[9] TAKAHASHI A, SATSU Y, NAGAI A, et al. Heat-resistant epoxy-silicon hybrid materials for printed wiring boards[J]. IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing, 2005, 28(2):163-167.
[10] TAKAMATSU Y, DUNMEYER D, THOMAS EL, et al. Preparation characterization and heat resistance studies of a holographic photopolymer based on SU-8 epoxy resin[J]. Optics Letters, 2008, 33(1):7-9.
[11] 卢林刚, 王晓, 杨守生, 等. 单组分磷-氮膨胀阻燃剂的合成及成炭性能[J]. 高分子材料科学与工程, 2012, 28(7):10-13. LU Lin-gang, WANG Xiao,YANG Shou-sheng, et al. Synthesis and charring of arborescent monomolecular P-N intumescent flame retardant[J]. Polymer Materials Science and Engineering, 2012, 28(7):10-13.
[12] 周红军, 李设桥, 李翠金, 等. 纳米二氧化钛对环氧树脂固化反应的影响[J]. 热固性树脂, 2012, 27(6):11-14. ZHOU Hong-jun, LI She-qiao, LI Cui-jin, et al. Influence of nano-TiO2 on the curing reaction of epoxy resin[J]. Thermosetting Resin, 2012, 27(6):11-14.
[13] FRANGIOSA P C, CATALANI L H. Production of lifetime controlled plastics:copolymers of styrene and substituted butadienes[J]. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2003, 82(2):207-210.
[14] 王德花, 李荣勋, 刘光烨. 包覆红磷阻燃ABS的性能研究[J]. 中国塑料, 2007, 21(11):74-77. WANG De-hua, LI Rong-xun, LIU Guang-ye. Performance of capsule red phosphorus flame-retarded ABS composites[J]. China Plastics, 2007, 21(11):74-77.
[15] 张琦, 胡伟康, 田明, 等. 纳米氢氧化镁/橡胶复合材料的性能研究[J]. 橡胶工业, 2004, 51(1):14-18. ZHANG Qi, HU Wei-kang, TIAN Ming, et al. Properties of nano-magnesium hydroxide/rubber composite[J]. China Rubber Industry, 2004, 51(1):14-18.
[16] 张建军, 张靖宗, 纪全, 等.MWNTs-OH/PET纳米复合材料的燃烧性能与阻燃机理研究[J]. 功能材料, 2010, 41(3):394-396. ZHANG Jian-jun, ZHANG Jing-zong, JI Quan, et al.Combustion property and flame-retardant mechanism of MWNTs-OH/PET composites[J]. Journal of Functional Materials, 2010, 41(3):394-396.
[17] 李到, 胡静平, 秦艳, 等. 磷酸酯双三聚氰胺盐阻燃环氧树脂的燃烧性能和阻燃机理[J]. 功能高分子学报, 2007, 19-20(1):81-86. LI Dao, HU Jing-ping, QIN Yan,et al. Combustion behavior and pyrolysis of epoxy resins blended with caged bicyclic dimelamine phosphate[J]. Journal of Functional Polymers, 2007, 19-20(1):81-86.
[1] 张成林, 董抒华, 李丽君, 田龙雨, 谭洪生. E-玻纤/环氧树脂预浸料固化动力学及其动态热力学性能[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(9): 152-157.
[2] 李为民, 彭超义, 杨金水, 邢素丽. PTFE/epoxy全有机超疏水涂层制备[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(7): 162-169.
[3] 李翰, 樊茂华, 王纳斯丹, 范保鑫, 冯振宇. 碳纤维环氧树脂复合材料热响应预报方法[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(5): 49-55.
[4] 侯桂香, 谢建强, 姚少巍, 张云杰, 蓝文. 生物基没食子酸环氧树脂/纳米氧化锌抗菌涂层的制备与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(3): 34-39.
[5] 郑凌祺, 李刚, 杨小平, 李强, 石凌飞. 环糊精微球改性环氧树脂的制备及其碳纤维复合材料的X射线穿透性研究[J]. 材料工程, 2020, 48(11): 170-176.
[6] 顾善群, 刘燕峰, 李军, 陈祥宝, 张代军, 邹齐, 肖锋. 碳纤维/环氧树脂复合材料高速冲击性能[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(8): 110-117.
[7] 陈珂龙, 张桐, 崔溢, 王智勇. 超支化聚合物(HBPs)改性环氧树脂的研究进展[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(7): 11-18.
[8] 李曦. 二维和零维纳米材料协同增强的高性能纳米复合材料[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(4): 47-55.
[9] 林广鸿, 尹敬峰, 黄鸿, 黄伟滨, 蔡慕华, 向洪平, 刘晓暄. 混杂光固化3D打印树脂固化动力学性能[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(12): 143-150.
[10] 田晋, 高立, 蔡滨, 齐泽昊, 谭业发. 功能化纳米SiO2改性环氧树脂复合材料及其摩擦磨损行为与机制[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(11): 92-99.
[11] 徐建林, 刘晓琦, 杨文龙, 牛磊, 赵金强. Nano-Sb2O3/BEO/PP复合材料阻燃性能[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(1): 84-90.
[12] 张博文, 唐禹尧, 崔玉青, 魏玮, 李小杰, 罗静, 刘晓亚. 六咪唑环三磷腈的合成及其作为环氧树脂固化促进剂的性能[J]. 材料工程, 2019, 47(1): 91-96.
[13] 乔栩, 林治, 林晓丹. 石墨烯的制备及其对环氧树脂导电性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(7): 53-60.
[14] 左银泽, 陈亮, 朱斌, 高延敏. 纳米氧化锌负载氧化石墨烯/环氧树脂复合材料性能研究[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(5): 22-28.
[15] 周远良, 赛义德, 张黎, 贾韦迪, 段玉平, 董星龙. 树脂基Fe纳米粒子及碳纤维复合吸波平板的制备与性能[J]. 材料工程, 2018, 46(3): 41-47.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
版权所有 © 2015《材料工程》编辑部
地址:北京81信箱44分箱 邮政编码: 100095
电话:010-62496276 E-mail:matereng@biam.ac.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn