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材料工程  2016, Vol. 44 Issue (12): 54-60    DOI: 10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.12.009
  材料与工艺 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
过程控制剂对机械球磨法制备壳聚糖微细粉体结构与性能的影响
张传杰1,2, 颜超2, 刘云2, 崔莉2, 朱平1,2
1. 江南大学 纺织服装学院, 江苏 无锡 214122;
2. 武汉纺织大学 化学与化工学院, 武汉 430020
Influence of Process Control Agent on Characterization and Structure of Micron Chitosan Powders Prepared by Ball Milling Method
ZHANG Chuan-jie1,2, YAN Chao2, LIU Yun2, CUI Li2, ZHU Ping1,2
1. School of Textiles and Clothing, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, China;
2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430020, China
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摘要 分别以蒸馏水、无水乙醇为过程控制剂,采用机械球磨法制备壳聚糖微细粉体,研究过程控制剂的种类和添加量对其产率、粒径分布、微观形貌、黏均分子量、化学结构、结晶结构以及热性能的影响。结果表明:采用无水乙醇为过程控制剂效果最好,当乙醇用量为0.75mL/g时,壳聚糖粉体的产率最高,从25%提高到94.7%,而且得到的壳聚糖粉体的粒径分布集中,D50为824nm,D90为1629nm。采用乙醇为过程控制剂制备的壳聚糖微细粉体未发生衍生化反应,但是其黏均分子量下降了23%,结晶结构受到部分破坏,热稳性变差。
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张传杰
颜超
刘云
崔莉
朱平
关键词 壳聚糖微细粉体机械球磨法过程控制剂粒径分布    
Abstract:With ethyl alcohol or distilled water as process control agent (PCA), micron chitosan powder was prepared by ball milling method. The yield rate, particle size distribution, micro morphology, viscosity average molecular mass, chemical and crystal structures, and thermal properties of these different micron chitosan powders were measured. The results indicate that the yield rate of micron chitosan powders prepared with ethyl alcohol as PCA increases significantly, and improves to 94.7% from 25% while the amount of ethyl alcohol is 0.75mL/g. The particle size distribution of micron chitosan powder prepared with ethyl alcohol as PCA is concentrated, while the D50 and D90 in size are 824nm and 1629nm respectively. Chitosan do not react with ethyl alcohol used as PCA, but the viscosity average molecular mass of prepared micron chitosan powder decreases by 23%, the crystal structures are destroyed slightly, and its thermal stability is slightly weakened.
Key wordschitosan    micron powder    ball milling method    process control agent    particle size distribution
收稿日期: 2014-09-12      出版日期: 2016-12-16
中图分类号:  TB324  
通讯作者: 朱平(1957-),男,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为高分子功能材料的制备及应用,联系地址:湖北省武汉市江夏区阳光大道1号武汉纺织大学化学与化工学院(430200),E-mail:pzhu99@163.com     E-mail: pzhu99@163.com
引用本文:   
张传杰, 颜超, 刘云, 崔莉, 朱平. 过程控制剂对机械球磨法制备壳聚糖微细粉体结构与性能的影响[J]. 材料工程, 2016, 44(12): 54-60.
ZHANG Chuan-jie, YAN Chao, LIU Yun, CUI Li, ZHU Ping. Influence of Process Control Agent on Characterization and Structure of Micron Chitosan Powders Prepared by Ball Milling Method. Journal of Materials Engineering, 2016, 44(12): 54-60.
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http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/10.11868/j.issn.1001-4381.2016.12.009      或      http://jme.biam.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V44/I12/54
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